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United Arab Emirates: People & Society#

Population5,927,482 (July 2016 est.)
note: the UN estimated the country's total population was 9,267,000 as of mid-year 2016; immigrants make up almost 85% of the total population, according to 2015 UN data (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Emirati(s)
adjective: Emirati
Ethnic groupsEmirati 19%, other Arab and Iranian 23%, South Asian 50%, other expatriates (includes Westerners and East Asians) 8%
LanguagesArabic (official), Persian, English, Hindi, Urdu
ReligionsMuslim (official) 76%, Christian 9%, other (primarily Hindu and Buddhist, less than 5% of the population consists of Parsi, Baha'i, Druze, Sikh, Ahmadi, Ismaili, Dawoodi Bohra Muslim, and Jewish) 15%
note: represents the total population; about 85% of the population consists of noncitizens (2005 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 20.94% (male 634,996/female 605,985)
15-24 years: 13.53% (male 476,813/female 324,982)
25-54 years: 61.27% (male 2,767,886/female 863,816)
55-64 years: 3.23% (male 142,661/female 48,715)
65 years and over: 1.04% (male 38,444/female 23,184) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 17.8%
youth dependency ratio: 16.4%
elderly dependency ratio: 1.3%
potential support ratio: 74.6% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 30.3 years
male: 32.1 years
female: 25.1 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate2.47% (2016 est.)
Birth rate15.3 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate2 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate11.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributionpopulation is heavily concentrated to the northeast on the Musandam Peninsula; the three largest emirates - Abu Dhabi, Dubai, and Sharjah - are home to nearly 85% of the population
Urbanizationurban population: 85.5% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 2.87% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationDubai 2.415 million; Sharjah 1.279 million; ABU DHABI (capital) 1.145 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.47 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 3.2 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 2.93 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.69 male(s)/female
total population: 2.18 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Maternal mortality rate6 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 10.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 12 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 8.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 77.5 years
male: 74.8 years
female: 80.2 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate2.33 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Health expenditures3.6% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density2.53 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density1.1 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 99.6% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 99.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.4% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0.4% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 98% of population
rural: 95.2% of population
total: 97.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2% of population
rural: 4.8% of population
total: 2.4% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Obesity - adult prevalence rate34.5% (2014)
Education expendituresNA
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93.8%
male: 93.1%
female: 95.8% (2015 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 12.1%
male: 7.9%
female: 21.8% (2008 est.)