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Bulgaria: People & Society#

Population7,144,653 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Bulgarian(s)
adjective: Bulgarian
Ethnic groupsBulgarian 76.9%, Turkish 8%, Roma 4.4%, other 0.7% (including Russian, Armenian, and Vlach), other (unknown) 10% (2011 est.)
LanguagesBulgarian (official) 76.8%, Turkish 8.2%, Roma 3.8%, other 0.7%, unspecified 10.5% (2011 est.)
ReligionsEastern Orthodox 59.4%, Muslim 7.8%, other (including Catholic, Protestant, Armenian Apostolic Orthodox, and Jewish) 1.7%, none 3.7%, unspecified 27.4% (2011 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 14.54% (male 535,131/female 503,540)
15-24 years: 9.73% (male 362,805/female 332,358)
25-54 years: 43.33% (male 1,589,183/female 1,506,285)
55-64 years: 13.38% (male 447,865/female 507,805)
65 years and over: 19.03% (male 552,217/female 807,464) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 51.9%
youth dependency ratio: 21.5%
elderly dependency ratio: 30.4%
potential support ratio: 3.3% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 42.4 years
male: 40.6 years
female: 44.5 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate-0.6% (2016 est.)
Birth rate8.8 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate14.5 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributiona fairly even distribution throughout most of the country, with urban areas attracting larger populations
Urbanizationurban population: 73.9% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: -0.31% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationSOFIA (capital) 1.226 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.09 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.88 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth26.5 (2013 est.)
Maternal mortality rate11 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 8.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 9.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 7.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 74.5 years
male: 71.2 years
female: 78 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.46 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate69.2%
note: percent of women age 20-49 (2007)
Health expenditures8.4% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density3.87 physicians/1,000 population (2012)
Hospital bed density6.4 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 99.6% of population
rural: 99% of population
total: 99.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.4% of population
rural: 1% of population
total: 0.6% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 86.8% of population
rural: 83.7% of population
total: 86% of population
unimproved:
urban: 13.2% of population
rural: 16.3% of population
total: 14% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Obesity - adult prevalence rate25.6% (2014)
Education expenditures4.1% of GDP (2013)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.4%
male: 98.7%
female: 98.1% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 15 years (2014)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 23.8%
male: 23.8%
female: 23.7% (2014 est.)