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Denmark: People & Society#

Population5,593,785
note: Statistics Denmark estimates the country's total population to be 5,724,456 as of 2016 Q3 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Dane(s)
adjective: Danish
Ethnic groupsScandinavian, Inuit, Faroese, German, Turkish, Iranian, Somali
LanguagesDanish, Faroese, Greenlandic (an Inuit dialect), German (small minority)
note: English is the predominant second language
ReligionsEvangelical Lutheran (official) 80%, Muslim 4%, other (denominations of less than 1% each, includes Roman Catholic, Jehovah's Witness, Serbian Orthodox Christian, Jewish, Baptist, and Buddhist) 16% (2012 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 16.58% (male 475,763/female 451,557)
15-24 years: 13.12% (male 374,806/female 359,344)
25-54 years: 38.88% (male 1,082,404/female 1,092,672)
55-64 years: 12.45% (male 346,371/female 350,093)
65 years and over: 18.96% (male 475,330/female 585,445) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 55.9%
youth dependency ratio: 26.3%
elderly dependency ratio: 29.6%
potential support ratio: 3.4% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 42 years
male: 41.1 years
female: 43 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate0.22% (2016 est.)
Birth rate10.4 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate10.3 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate2.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributionwith excellent access to the North Sea, Skagerrak, Kattegat, and the Baltic Sea, population centers tend to be along coastal areas, particularly in Copenhagen and the eastern side of the country's mainland
Urbanizationurban population: 87.7% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 0.6% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationCOPENHAGEN (capital) 1.268 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth29.1 (2012 est.)
Maternal mortality rate6 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 4 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 4.1 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 79.4 years
male: 77 years
female: 82 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.73 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Health expenditures10.8% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density3.49 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density3.5 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 99.6% of population
rural: 99.6% of population
total: 99.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.4% of population
rural: 0.4% of population
total: 0.4% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.16% (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS6,000 (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 100 (2014 est.)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate21% (2014)
Education expenditures8.6% of GDP (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 19 years
male: 18 years
female: 20 years (2014)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 12.6%
male: 13.7%
female: 11.5% (2014 est.)