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Finland: People & Society#

Population5,498,211 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Finn(s)
adjective: Finnish
Ethnic groupsFinn 93.4%, Swede 5.6%, Russian 0.5%, Estonian 0.3%, Roma 0.1%, Sami 0.1% (2006)
LanguagesFinnish (official) 89%, Swedish (official) 5.3%, Russian 1.3%, other 4.4% (2014 est.)
ReligionsLutheran 73.8%, Orthodox 1.1%, other or none 25.1% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 16.42% (male 461,432/female 441,244)
15-24 years: 11.6% (male 325,919/female 312,045)
25-54 years: 37.9% (male 1,063,494/female 1,020,194)
55-64 years: 13.42% (male 362,788/female 374,985)
65 years and over: 20.66% (male 492,143/female 643,967) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 58.3%
youth dependency ratio: 25.9%
elderly dependency ratio: 32.4%
potential support ratio: 3.1% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 42.4 years
male: 40.8 years
female: 44.3 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate0.38% (2016 est.)
Birth rate10.7 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate9.9 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributionthe vast majority of people are found in the south; the northern interior areas remain sparsely poplulated
Urbanizationurban population: 84.2% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 0.5% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationHELSINKI (capital) 1.18 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth28.5 (2012 est.)
Maternal mortality rate3 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 2.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 2.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 80.9 years
male: 77.9 years
female: 84 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.75 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Health expenditures9.7% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density2.91 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density5.5 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 99.4% of population
rural: 88% of population
total: 97.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.6% of population
rural: 12% of population
total: 2.4% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Obesity - adult prevalence rate22.8% (2014)
Education expenditures7.2% of GDP (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 19 years
male: 18 years
female: 20 years (2014)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 20.5%
male: 22.8%
female: 18.4% (2014 est.)