!!!Spain: Geography
||Location|Southwestern Europe, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, North Atlantic Ocean, Bay of Biscay, and Pyrenees Mountains; southwest of France
||Geographic Coordinates|40 00 N, 4 00 W[{GoogleMap location='40.0,-4.0' zoom='4'}]
||Area |''total: ''505,370 sq km\\''land: ''498,980 sq km\\''water: ''6,390 sq km\\''__note:__ ''there are two autonomous cities - Ceuta and Melilla - and 17 autonomous communities including Balearic Islands and Canary Islands, and three small Spanish possessions off the coast of Morocco - Islas Chafarinas, Penon de Alhucemas, and Penon de Velez de la Gomera\\[[__''Verified in 8 databases''__]
||Land boundaries|''total: ''1,920.4 km\\''border countries: ''Andorra 63.7 km, France 623 km, Gibraltar 1.2 km, Portugal 1,214 km, Morocco (Ceuta) 8 km, Morocco (Melilla) 10.5 km\\''__note:__ ''an additional 75-meter border segment exists between Morocco and the Spanish exclave of Penon de Velez de la Gomera
||Coastline|4,964 km
||Elevation Extremes|''lowest point: ''Atlantic Ocean 0 m\\''highest point: ''Pico de Teide (Tenerife) on Canary Islands 3,718 m
||Highest Mountains|__Due to difference in mountain rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :__\\ According to [Wolfram|http://www.wolframalpha.com]: Pico de Teide 3718 m; Mulhacén 3482 m; Pico d'Aneto 3404 m; Pico Veleta 3398 m; Pico de Posets 3375 m\\According to [Geonames|http://www.geonames.org]: Pico de Teide 3718 m; Veleta 3394 m; Monte Perdido 3355 m; Massif de Vignemale 3298 m; Pic Perdighero 3222 m\\ \\__Attempted Explanation:__ Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to [office@global-geography.org|mailto:office@global-geography.org] \\[Important Mountains|Geography/Europe/Spain/Geography/Important_Mountains]
||Terrain|large, flat to dissected plateau surrounded by rugged hills; Pyrenees Mountains in north
||Natural Hazards|periodic droughts, occasional flooding volcanism: volcanic activity in the Canary Islands, located off Africa's northwest coast; Teide (elev. 3,715 m) has been deemed a Decade Volcano by the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior, worthy of study due to its explosive history and close proximity to human populations; La Palma (elev. 2,426 m), which last erupted in 1971, is the most active of the Canary Islands volcanoes; Lanzarote is the only other historically active volcano
||Natural Resource|coal, lignite, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, uranium, tungsten, mercury, pyrites, magnesite, fluorspar, gypsum, sepiolite, kaolin, potash, hydropower, arable land
||Land Use|''arable land: ''24.75%\\''permanent crops: ''9.29%\\''other: ''65.96% (2011)
||Climate|temperate; clear, hot summers in interior, more moderate and cloudy along coast; cloudy, cold winters in interior, partly cloudy and cool along coast
||Irrigated Land|34,700 sq km (2011)
||Renewable Water Resources|111.5 cu km (2011)
||Environment_CurrentIssues|pollution of the Mediterranean Sea from raw sewage and effluents from the offshore production of oil and gas; water quality and quantity nationwide; air pollution; deforestation; desertification
||Environment - international agreements|''party to: ''Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling\\''signed, but not ratified: ''Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants
||Large Cities|Madrid; Barcelona; Valencia; Seville; Zaragoza\\ __[[Verified]__\\[Important Cities|Geography/Europe/Spain/Geography/Important_Cities]
||Geography-note|strategic location along approaches to Strait of Gibraltar; Spain controls a number of territories in northern Morocco including the enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla, and the islands of Penon de Velez de la Gomera, Penon de Alhucemas, and Islas Chafarinas