Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas): Geography#

LocationSouthern South America, islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, about 500 km east of southern Argentina
Geographic Coordinates51 45 S, 59 00 W -51.75,-59.0
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline1,288 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Usborne 705 m
Highest Mountains
Terrainrocky, hilly, mountainous with some boggy, undulating plains
Natural Hazardsstrong winds persist throughout the year
Natural Resourcefish, squid, wildlife, calcified seaweed, sphagnum moss
Land Usearable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (99% permanent pastures, 1% other) (2011)
Climatecold marine; strong westerly winds, cloudy, humid; rain occurs on more than half of days in year; average annual rainfall is 24 inches in Stanley; occasional snow all year, except in January and February, but typically does not accumulate
Irrigated LandNA
Renewable Water ResourcesNA
Environment_CurrentIssuesoverfishing by unlicensed vessels is a problem; reindeer were introduced to the islands in 2001 for commercial reasons; this is the only commercial reindeer herd in the world unaffected by the 1986 Chornobyl disaster
Environment - international agreementsNA
Large Cities
Geography-notedeeply indented coast provides good natural harbors; short growing season