Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas): Government#

Country nameconventional long form: none
conventional short form: Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)
CapitalStanley Stanley
geographic coordinates: 51 42 S, 57 51 W
time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: none scheduled for 2014
Dependency statusoverseas territory of the UK; also claimed by Argentina
Administrative divisionsnone (overseas territory of the UK; also claimed by Argentina)
Constitutionprevious 1985; latest entered into force 1 January 2009 (2011)
Executive branchchief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952)
head of government: Governor Nigel HAYWOOD (since 16 October 2010) is the Queen's representative; Chief Executive Keith PADGETT (since 1 February 2012)
cabinet: Executive Council; three members elected by the Legislative Council, two ex officio members (chief executive and the financial secretary), and the governor; the governor must obey the rulings of the Executive Council on domestic affairs
elections: the monarchy is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; chief executive appointed by the governor
Flag descriptionblue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Falkland Island coat of arms centered on the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms contains a white ram (sheep raising was once the major economic activity) above the sailing ship Desire (whose crew discovered the islands) with a scroll at the bottom bearing the motto DESIRE THE RIGHT
Independencenone (overseas territory of the UK; also claimed by Argentina)
Judicial branchhighest court(s): Court of Appeal (consists of the court president, the chief justice as an ex officio, non-resident member, and 2 justices of appeal); Supreme Court (consists of the chief justice)
note - appeals beyond the Court of Appeal are referred to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (in London)
judge selection and term of office: all justices appointed by the governor; tenure specified in each justice's instrument of appointment
subordinate courts: Magistrate's Court (senior magistrate presides over civil and criminal divisions); Court of Summary Jurisdiction
Legal systemEnglish common law and local statutes
Legislative branchunicameral Legislative Assembly (10 seats; 2 members are ex officio and 8 are elected by popular vote; members to serve four-year terms); presided over by the governor
elections: last held on 7 November 2013 (next to be held in November 2017)
election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - independents 8
International organization participationUPU
National holidayLiberation Day, 14 June (1982)
Political pressure groups and leadersFalkland Islands Association (supports freedom of the people from external causes)
Political parties and leadersnone; all independents
Suffrage18 years of age; universal
Government typeNA
Diplomatic representation in the USnone (overseas territory of the UK)
National anthemname: "Song of the Falklands""
lyrics/music: Christopher LANHAM
note: adopted 1930s; the song is the local unofficial anthem; as a territory of the United Kingdom, "God Save the Queen" is official (see United Kingdom)
National symbol(s)ram
Diplomatic representation from the USnone (overseas territory of the UK; also claimed by Argentina)