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Western Sahara: Geography#

LocationNorthern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Mauritania and Morocco
Geographic Coordinates24 30 N, 13 00 W 24.5,-13.0
Land boundariestotal: 2,046 km
border countries: Algeria 42 km, Mauritania 1,561 km, Morocco 443 km
Coastline1,110 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Sebjet Tah -55 m
highest point: unnamed elevation 805 m
Highest Mountains
Terrainmostly low, flat desert with large areas of rocky or sandy surfaces rising to small mountains in south and northeast
Natural Hazardshot, dry, dust/sand-laden sirocco wind can occur during winter and spring; widespread harmattan haze exists 60% of time, often severely restricting visibility
Natural Resourcephosphates, iron ore
Land Usearable land: 0.02%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 99.98% (2011)
Climatehot, dry desert; rain is rare; cold offshore air currents produce fog and heavy dew
Irrigated LandNA
Renewable Water ResourcesNA
Environment_CurrentIssuessparse water and lack of arable land
Environment - international agreementsparty to: none of the selected agreements
Large Cities
Geography-notethe waters off the coast are particularly rich fishing areas