Resettlement (German: Aussiedlung): a) term for the expulsion of German people from the successor states of the monarchy, agreed upon in the Potsdam Conference in 1945. Resettlement began as early as May 1945, people came mainly from Bohemia and Moravia, Slovakia, Hungary and Yugoslavia to Austria. The majority were deported to Germany, approximately 240,000 were made Austrian citizens.
b) Resettlement of business enterprises from the densely built-up urban core areas to peripheral areas or newly created commercial and industrial areas. The reasons for this are mostly environmental regulations and difficult transport connections.