Gall, Franz Joseph#
Gall, Franz Joseph, b. Tiefenbrunn (Germany), March 9, 1758, d. Montrouge (France), Aug. 22, 1828, anatomist. Studied in Strasbourg and gave private lectures on the anatomy of the brain and on phrenology in Vienna. When these lectures were prohibited, he went to Paris, where he became very successful. On J. Haydn's death, his head was illegally separated from his body by followers of G.´s teachings. It was not until 1954 that Haydn's skull was buried together with his mortal remains. The Rollett-Museum of the City of Baden (Lower Austria) houses G.'s collection of skulls.
Literature#E. Lesky, F. J. G. Naturforscher und Anthropologe, 1979; L. Kordelas, Geist und caput mortuum. Hegels Kritik der Lehre G. in der "Phaenomenologie des Geistes", 1998.