Generalseminare: seminaries founded by Joseph II 1783 to replace the episcopal seminaries and the independent training institutions of the religious orders; directly under state governance. G. were inter alia established in Vienna, Graz and Innsbruck. However, dissolved in 1709, after Joseph´s death, because of protests by the bishops, high administrative costs and opposition from the population.
Literature#H. Ewaldt, Das Innsbrucker Generalseminar, doctoral thesis, Innsbruck 1951; W. Schoeffmann, Das Generalseminar in Graz, master´s thesis, Graz 1974.