unbekannter Gast

Zimbabwe: People & Society#

Population13,771,721
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate4.36% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 38.4% (male 2,670,642/female 2,615,440)
15-24 years: 22.1% (male 1,527,964/female 1,520,255)
25-54 years: 32.3% (male 2,298,355/female 2,153,659)
55-64 years: 3.6% (male 180,554/female 318,410)
65 years and over: 3.6% (male 193,385/female 293,057) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate32.47 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate10.62 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsAfrican 98% (Shona 82%, Ndebele 14%, other 2%), mixed and Asian 1%, white less than 1%
Infant mortality ratetotal: 26.55 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 28.88 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 24.15 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesEnglish (official), Shona, Sindebele (the language of the Ndebele, sometimes called Ndebele), numerous but minor tribal dialects
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 55.68 years
male: 55.4 years
female: 55.97 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write English
total population: 83.6%
male: 87.8%
female: 80.1% (2011 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Zimbabwean(s)
adjective: Zimbabwean
Net migration rate21.78 migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: there is an increasing flow of Zimbabweans into South Africa and Botswana in search of better economic opportunities (2014 est.)
Religionssyncretic (part Christian, part indigenous beliefs) 50%, Christian 25%, indigenous beliefs 24%, Muslim and other 1%
Total fertility rate3.56 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate14.7% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS1,368,100 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths39,500 (2012 est.)
Median agetotal: 20.2 years
male: 19.9 years
female: 20.4 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 9 years
male: 10 years
female: 9 years (2003)
Education expenditures2.5% of GDP (2010)
Urbanizationurban population: 38.6% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 3.4% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 97.3% of population
rural: 68.7% of population
total: 79.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 2.7% of population
rural: 31.3% of population
total: 20.1% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 51.6% of population
rural: 32.4% of population
total: 39.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 48.4% of population
rural: 67.6% of population
total: 60.1% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationHARARE (capital) 1.542 million (2011)
Maternal mortality rate570 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight10.1% (2011)
Physicians density0.06 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density1.7 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate7% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 7.6%
male: 7.6%
female: 7.6% (2004)
Mother's mean age at first birth20.5
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2010-11 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate58.5% (2010/11)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 74.8 %
youth dependency ratio: 68.1 %
elderly dependency ratio: 6.7 %
potential support ratio: 14.9 (2014 est.)