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United States: Culture#

World Heritage#

Nobel Prize Winners (362)#

Here persons are counted for the country they born in or if their affiliation is with this country.
NameCategoryYearMotivation
Alexei A. AbrikosovPhysics2003"for pioneering contributions to the theory of superconductors and superfluids"
Jane AddamsPeace1931
Peter AgreChemistry2003"for the discovery of water channels"
George A. AkerlofEconomics2001"for their analyses of markets with asymmetric information"
Sidney AltmanChemistry1989"for their discovery of catalytic properties of RNA"
Luis Walter AlvarezPhysics1968"for his decisive contributions to elementary particle physics, in particular the discovery of a large number of resonance states, made possible through his development of the technique of using hydrogen bubble chamber and data analysis"
Carl David AndersonPhysics1936"for his discovery of the positron"
Philip Warren AndersonPhysics1977"for their fundamental theoretical investigations of the electronic structure of magnetic and disordered systems"
Christian B. AnfinsenChemistry1972"for his work on ribonuclease, especially concerning the connection between the amino acid sequence and the biologically active conformation"
Kenneth J. ArrowEconomics1972"for their pioneering contributions to general economic equilibrium theory and welfare theory"
Richard AxelMedicine2004"for their discoveries of odorant receptors and the organization of the olfactory system"
Julius AxelrodMedicine1970"for their discoveries concerning the humoral transmittors in the nerve terminals and the mechanism for their storage, release and inactivation"
Emily Greene BalchPeace1946
David BaltimoreMedicine1975"for their discoveries concerning the interaction between tumour viruses and the genetic material of the cell"
John BardeenPhysics1972"for their jointly developed theory of superconductivity, usually called the BCS-theory"
George Wells BeadleMedicine1958"for their discovery that genes act by regulating definite chemical events"
Gary S. BeckerEconomics1992"for having extended the domain of microeconomic analysis to a wide range of human behaviour and interaction, including nonmarket behaviour"
Baruj BenacerrafMedicine1980"for their discoveries concerning genetically determined structures on the cell surface that regulate immunological reactions"
Paul BergChemistry1980"for his fundamental studies of the biochemistry of nucleic acids, with particular regard to recombinant-DNA"
Hans Albrecht BethePhysics1967"for his contributions to the theory of nuclear reactions, especially his discoveries concerning the energy production in stars"
Eric BetzigChemistry2014"for the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy"
Bruce A. BeutlerMedicine2011"for their discoveries concerning the activation of innate immunity"
J. Michael BishopMedicine1989"for their discovery of the cellular origin of retroviral oncogenes"
Elizabeth H. BlackburnMedicine2009"for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase"
Günter BlobelMedicine1999"for the discovery that proteins have intrinsic signals that govern their transport and localization in the cell"
Konrad BlochMedicine1964"for their discoveries concerning the mechanism and regulation of the cholesterol and fatty acid metabolism"
Felix BlochPhysics1952"for their development of new methods for nuclear magnetic precision measurements and discoveries in connection therewith"
Nicolaas BloembergenPhysics1981"for their contribution to the development of laser spectroscopy"
Baruch S. BlumbergMedicine1976"for their discoveries concerning new mechanisms for the origin and dissemination of infectious diseases"
Norman E. BorlaugPeace1970
Paul D. BoyerChemistry1997"for their elucidation of the enzymatic mechanism underlying the synthesis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP)"
Willard S. BoylePhysics2009"for the invention of an imaging semiconductor circuit - the CCD sensor"
Walter Houser BrattainPhysics1956"for their researches on semiconductors and their discovery of the transistor effect"
Sydney BrennerMedicine2002"for their discoveries concerning genetic regulation of organ development and programmed cell death'"
Percy Williams BridgmanPhysics1946"for the invention of an apparatus to produce extremely high pressures, and for the discoveries he made therewith in the field of high pressure physics"
Michael S. BrownMedicine1985"for their discoveries concerning the regulation of cholesterol metabolism"
Herbert C. BrownChemistry1979"for their development of the use of boron- and phosphorus-containing compounds, respectively, into important reagents in organic synthesis"
James M. Buchanan Jr.Economics1986"for his development of the contractual and constitutional bases for the theory of economic and political decision-making"
Pearl BuckLiterature1938"for her rich and truly epic descriptions of peasant life in China and for her biographical masterpieces"
Linda B. BuckMedicine2004"for their discoveries of odorant receptors and the organization of the olfactory system"
Ralph BunchePeace1950
Nicholas Murray ButlerPeace1931
Melvin CalvinChemistry1961"for his research on the carbon dioxide assimilation in plants"
Mario R. CapecchiMedicine2007"for their discoveries of principles for introducing specific gene modifications in mice by the use of embryonic stem cells"
Alexis CarrelMedicine1912"in recognition of his work on vascular suture and the transplantation of blood vessels and organs"
Jimmy CarterPeace2002"for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development"
Thomas R. CechChemistry1989"for their discovery of catalytic properties of RNA"
Martin ChalfieChemistry2008"for the discovery and development of the green fluorescent protein, GFP"
Owen ChamberlainPhysics1959"for their discovery of the antiproton"
Subramanyan ChandrasekharPhysics1983"for his theoretical studies of the physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars"
Steven ChuPhysics1997"for development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light"
Ronald H. CoaseEconomics1991"for his discovery and clarification of the significance of transaction costs and property rights for the institutional structure and functioning of the economy"
Stanley CohenMedicine1986"for their discoveries of growth factors"
Arthur Holly ComptonPhysics1927"for his discovery of the effect named after him"
Leon Neil CooperPhysics1972"for their jointly developed theory of superconductivity, usually called the BCS-theory"
Elias James CoreyChemistry1990"for his development of the theory and methodology of organic synthesis"
Carl Ferdinand CoriMedicine1947"for their discovery of the course of the catalytic conversion of glycogen"
Gerty Theresa Cori, née RadnitzMedicine1947"for their discovery of the course of the catalytic conversion of glycogen"
Allan M. CormackMedicine1979"for the development of computer assisted tomography"
Eric A. CornellPhysics2001"for the achievement of Bose-Einstein condensation in dilute gases of alkali atoms, and for early fundamental studies of the properties of the condensates"
André Frédéric CournandMedicine1956"for their discoveries concerning heart catheterization and pathological changes in the circulatory system"
Donald J. CramChemistry1987"for their development and use of molecules with structure-specific interactions of high selectivity"
James Watson CroninPhysics1980"for the discovery of violations of fundamental symmetry principles in the decay of neutral K-mesons"
Robert F. Curl Jr.Chemistry1996"for their discovery of fullerenes"
Raymond Davis Jr.Physics2002"for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, in particular for the detection of cosmic neutrinos"
Clinton Joseph DavissonPhysics1937"for their experimental discovery of the diffraction of electrons by crystals"
Charles Gates DawesPeace1925
Gerard DebreuEconomics1983"for having incorporated new analytical methods into economic theory and for his rigorous reformulation of the theory of general equilibrium"
Hans G. DehmeltPhysics1989"for the development of the ion trap technique"
Johann DeisenhoferChemistry1988"for the determination of the three-dimensional structure of a photosynthetic reaction centre"
Max DelbrückMedicine1969"for their discoveries concerning the replication mechanism and the genetic structure of viruses"
Peter A. DiamondEconomics2010"for their analysis of markets with search frictions"
Peter C. DohertyMedicine1996"for their discoveries concerning the specificity of the cell mediated immune defence"
Edward Adelbert DoisyMedicine1943"for his discovery of the chemical nature of vitamin K"
Vincent du VigneaudChemistry1955"for his work on biochemically important sulphur compounds, especially for the first synthesis of a polypeptide hormone"
Gerald M. EdelmanMedicine1972"for their discoveries concerning the chemical structure of antibodies"
Gertrude B. ElionMedicine1988"for their discoveries of important principles for drug treatment"
Thomas Stearns EliotLiterature1948"for his outstanding, pioneer contribution to present-day poetry"
John Franklin EndersMedicine1954"for their discovery of the ability of poliomyelitis viruses to grow in cultures of various types of tissue"
Robert F. Engle IIIEconomics2003"for methods of analyzing economic time series with time-varying volatility (ARCH)"
Joseph ErlangerMedicine1944"for their discoveries relating to the highly differentiated functions of single nerve fibres"
Leo EsakiPhysics1973"for their experimental discoveries regarding tunneling phenomena in semiconductors and superconductors, respectively"
Eugene F. FamaEconomics2013"for their empirical analysis of asset prices"
William FaulknerLiterature1949"for his powerful and artistically unique contribution to the modern American novel"
John B. FennChemistry2002"for their development of soft desorption ionisation methods for mass spectrometric analyses of biological macromolecules"
Richard P. FeynmanPhysics1965"for their fundamental work in quantum electrodynamics, with deep-ploughing consequences for the physics of elementary particles"
Andrew Z. FireMedicine2006"for their discovery of RNA interference - gene silencing by double-stranded RNA"
Edmond H. FischerMedicine1992"for their discoveries concerning reversible protein phosphorylation as a biological regulatory mechanism"
Val Logsdon FitchPhysics1980"for the discovery of violations of fundamental symmetry principles in the decay of neutral K-mesons"
Paul J. FloryChemistry1974"for his fundamental achievements, both theoretical and experimental, in the physical chemistry of the macromolecules"
Robert W. FogelEconomics1993"for having renewed research in economic history by applying economic theory and quantitative methods in order to explain economic and institutional change"
William Alfred FowlerPhysics1983"for his theoretical and experimental studies of the nuclear reactions of importance in the formation of the chemical elements in the universe"
Jerome I. FriedmanPhysics1990"for their pioneering investigations concerning deep inelastic scattering of electrons on protons and bound neutrons, which have been of essential importance for the development of the quark model in particle physics"
Milton FriedmanEconomics1976"for his achievements in the fields of consumption analysis, monetary history and theory and for his demonstration of the complexity of stabilization policy"
Robert F. FurchgottMedicine1998"for their discoveries concerning nitric oxide as a signalling molecule in the cardiovascular system"
D. Carleton GajdusekMedicine1976"for their discoveries concerning new mechanisms for the origin and dissemination of infectious diseases"
Herbert Spencer GasserMedicine1944"for their discoveries relating to the highly differentiated functions of single nerve fibres"
Murray Gell-MannPhysics1969"for his contributions and discoveries concerning the classification of elementary particles and their interactions"
Riccardo GiacconiPhysics2002"for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, which have led to the discovery of cosmic X-ray sources"
Ivar GiaeverPhysics1973"for their experimental discoveries regarding tunneling phenomena in semiconductors and superconductors, respectively"
William Francis GiauqueChemistry1949"for his contributions in the field of chemical thermodynamics, particularly concerning the behaviour of substances at extremely low temperatures"
Walter GilbertChemistry1980"for their contributions concerning the determination of base sequences in nucleic acids"
Alfred G. GilmanMedicine1994"for their discovery of G-proteins and the role of these proteins in signal transduction in cells"
Donald Arthur GlaserPhysics1960"for the invention of the bubble chamber"
Sheldon Lee GlashowPhysics1979"for their contributions to the theory of the unified weak and electromagnetic interaction between elementary particles, including, inter alia, the prediction of the weak neutral current"
Roy J. GlauberPhysics2005"for his contribution to the quantum theory of optical coherence"
Maria Goeppert MayerPhysics1963"for their discoveries concerning nuclear shell structure"
Joseph L. GoldsteinMedicine1985"for their discoveries concerning the regulation of cholesterol metabolism"
Albert Arnold (Al) Gore Jr.Peace2007"for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change"
Clive W.J. GrangerEconomics2003"for methods of analyzing economic time series with common trends (cointegration)"
Paul GreengardMedicine2000"for their discoveries concerning signal transduction in the nervous system"
Carol W. GreiderMedicine2009"for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase"
David J. GrossPhysics2004"for the discovery of asymptotic freedom in the theory of the strong interaction"
Robert H. GrubbsChemistry2005"for the development of the metathesis method in organic synthesis"
Roger GuilleminMedicine1977"for their discoveries concerning the peptide hormone production of the brain"
John L. HallPhysics2005"for their contributions to the development of laser-based precision spectroscopy, including the optical frequency comb technique"
Lars Peter HansenEconomics2013"for their empirical analysis of asset prices"
John C. HarsanyiEconomics1994"for their pioneering analysis of equilibria in the theory of non-cooperative games"
Haldan Keffer HartlineMedicine1967"for their discoveries concerning the primary physiological and chemical visual processes in the eye"
Leland H. HartwellMedicine2001"for their discoveries of key regulators of the cell cycle"
Herbert A. HauptmanChemistry1985"for their outstanding achievements in the development of direct methods for the determination of crystal structures"
Richard F. HeckChemistry2010"for palladium-catalyzed cross couplings in organic synthesis"
James J. HeckmanEconomics2000"for his development of theory and methods for analyzing selective samples"
Alan J. HeegerChemistry2000"for the discovery and development of conductive polymers"
Ernest Miller HemingwayLiterature1954"for his mastery of the art of narrative, most recently demonstrated in The Old Man and the Sea, and for the influence that he has exerted on contemporary style"
Philip Showalter HenchMedicine1950"for their discoveries relating to the hormones of the adrenal cortex, their structure and biological effects"
Dudley R. HerschbachChemistry1986"for their contributions concerning the dynamics of chemical elementary processes"
Alfred D. HersheyMedicine1969"for their discoveries concerning the replication mechanism and the genetic structure of viruses"
George H. HitchingsMedicine1988"for their discoveries of important principles for drug treatment"
Roald HoffmannChemistry1981"for their theories, developed independently, concerning the course of chemical reactions"
Robert HofstadterPhysics1961"for his pioneering studies of electron scattering in atomic nuclei and for his thereby achieved discoveries concerning the structure of the nucleons"
Robert W. HolleyMedicine1968"for their interpretation of the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis"
H. Robert HorvitzMedicine2002"for their discoveries concerning genetic regulation of organ development and programmed cell death'"
David H. HubelMedicine1981"for their discoveries concerning information processing in the visual system"
Charles Brenton HugginsMedicine1966"for his discoveries concerning hormonal treatment of prostatic cancer"
Cordell HullPeace1945
Russell A. HulsePhysics1993"for the discovery of a new type of pulsar, a discovery that has opened up new possibilities for the study of gravitation"
Leonid HurwiczEconomics2007"for having laid the foundations of mechanism design theory"
Louis J. IgnarroMedicine1998"for their discoveries concerning nitric oxide as a signalling molecule in the cardiovascular system"
Daniel KahnemanEconomics2002"for having integrated insights from psychological research into economic science, especially concerning human judgment and decision-making under uncertainty"
Eric R. KandelMedicine2000"for their discoveries concerning signal transduction in the nervous system"
Jerome KarleChemistry1985"for their outstanding achievements in the development of direct methods for the determination of crystal structures"
Martin KarplusChemistry2013"for the development of multiscale models for complex chemical systems"
Frank Billings KelloggPeace1929
Henry W. KendallPhysics1990"for their pioneering investigations concerning deep inelastic scattering of electrons on protons and bound neutrons, which have been of essential importance for the development of the quark model in particle physics"
Edward Calvin KendallMedicine1950"for their discoveries relating to the hormones of the adrenal cortex, their structure and biological effects"
Wolfgang KetterlePhysics2001"for the achievement of Bose-Einstein condensation in dilute gases of alkali atoms, and for early fundamental studies of the properties of the condensates"
Har Gobind KhoranaMedicine1968"for their interpretation of the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis"
Jack S. KilbyPhysics2000"for his part in the invention of the integrated circuit"
Martin Luther King Jr.Peace1964
Lawrence R. KleinEconomics1980"for the creation of econometric models and the application to the analysis of economic fluctuations and economic policies"
William S. KnowlesChemistry2001"for their work on chirally catalysed hydrogenation reactions"
Brian K. KobilkaChemistry2012"for studies of G-protein-coupled receptors"
Walter KohnChemistry1998"for his development of the density-functional theory"
Tjalling C. KoopmansEconomics1975"for their contributions to the theory of optimum allocation of resources"
Arthur KornbergMedicine1959"for their discovery of the mechanisms in the biological synthesis of ribonucleic acid and deoxyribonucleic acid"
Roger D. KornbergChemistry2006"for his studies of the molecular basis of eukaryotic transcription"
Edwin G. KrebsMedicine1992"for their discoveries concerning reversible protein phosphorylation as a biological regulatory mechanism"
Herbert KroemerPhysics2000"for developing semiconductor heterostructures used in high-speed- and opto-electronics"
Paul KrugmanEconomics2008"for his analysis of trade patterns and location of economic activity"
Polykarp KuschPhysics1955"for his precision determination of the magnetic moment of the electron"
Simon KuznetsEconomics1971"for his empirically founded interpretation of economic growth which has led to new and deepened insight into the economic and social structure and process of development"
Finn E. KydlandEconomics2004"for their contributions to dynamic macroeconomics: the time consistency of economic policy and the driving forces behind business cycles"
Willis Eugene LambPhysics1955"for his discoveries concerning the fine structure of the hydrogen spectrum"
Karl LandsteinerMedicine1930"for his discovery of human blood groups"
Irving LangmuirChemistry1932"for his discoveries and investigations in surface chemistry"
Robert B. LaughlinPhysics1998"for their discovery of a new form of quantum fluid with fractionally charged excitations"
Paul C. LauterburMedicine2003"for their discoveries concerning magnetic resonance imaging"
Ernest Orlando LawrencePhysics1939"for the invention and development of the cyclotron and for results obtained with it, especially with regard to artificial radioactive elements"
Joshua LederbergMedicine1958"for his discoveries concerning genetic recombination and the organization of the genetic material of bacteria"
Leon M. LedermanPhysics1988"for the neutrino beam method and the demonstration of the doublet structure of the leptons through the discovery of the muon neutrino"
David M. LeePhysics1996"for their discovery of superfluidity in helium-3"
Tsung-Dao (T.D.) LeePhysics1957"for their penetrating investigation of the so-called parity laws which has led to important discoveries regarding the elementary particles"
Yuan T. LeeChemistry1986"for their contributions concerning the dynamics of chemical elementary processes"
Robert J. LefkowitzChemistry2012"for studies of G-protein-coupled receptors"
Anthony J. LeggettPhysics2003"for pioneering contributions to the theory of superconductors and superfluids"
Wassily LeontiefEconomics1973"for the development of the input-output method and for its application to important economic problems"
Michael LevittChemistry2013"for the development of multiscale models for complex chemical systems"
Edward B. LewisMedicine1995"for their discoveries concerning the genetic control of early embryonic development"
Sinclair LewisLiterature1930"for his vigorous and graphic art of description and his ability to create, with wit and humour, new types of characters"
Sir Arthur LewisEconomics1979"for their pioneering research into economic development research with particular consideration of the problems of developing countries"
Willard Frank LibbyChemistry1960"for his method to use carbon-14 for age determination in archaeology, geology, geophysics, and other branches of science"
Fritz Albert LipmannMedicine1953"for his discovery of co-enzyme A and its importance for intermediary metabolism"
William N. LipscombChemistry1976"for his studies on the structure of boranes illuminating problems of chemical bonding"
Robert E. Lucas Jr.Economics1995"for having developed and applied the hypothesis of rational expectations, and thereby having transformed macroeconomic analysis and deepened our understanding of economic policy"
Salvador E. LuriaMedicine1969"for their discoveries concerning the replication mechanism and the genetic structure of viruses"
Alan G. MacDiarmidChemistry2000"for the discovery and development of conductive polymers"
Roderick MacKinnonChemistry2003"for structural and mechanistic studies of ion channels"
Rudolph A. MarcusChemistry1992"for his contributions to the theory of electron transfer reactions in chemical systems"
Harry M. MarkowitzEconomics1990"for their pioneering work in the theory of financial economics"
George Catlett MarshallPeace1953
Eric S. MaskinEconomics2007"for having laid the foundations of mechanism design theory"
John C. MatherPhysics2006"for their discovery of the blackbody form and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation"
Barbara McClintockMedicine1983"for her discovery of mobile genetic elements"
Daniel L. McFaddenEconomics2000"for his development of theory and methods for analyzing discrete choice"
Edwin Mattison McMillanChemistry1951"for their discoveries in the chemistry of the transuranium elements"
Craig C. MelloMedicine2006"for their discovery of RNA interference - gene silencing by double-stranded RNA"
Robert Bruce MerrifieldChemistry1984"for his development of methodology for chemical synthesis on a solid matrix"
Robert C. MertonEconomics1997"for a new method to determine the value of derivatives"
Albert Abraham MichelsonPhysics1907"for his optical precision instruments and the spectroscopic and metrological investigations carried out with their aid"
Merton H. MillerEconomics1990"for their pioneering work in the theory of financial economics"
Robert Andrews MillikanPhysics1923"for his work on the elementary charge of electricity and on the photoelectric effect"
George Richards MinotMedicine1934"for their discoveries concerning liver therapy in cases of anaemia"
Franco ModiglianiEconomics1985"for his pioneering analyses of saving and of financial markets"
William E. MoernerChemistry2014"for the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy"
Mario J. MolinaChemistry1995"for their work in atmospheric chemistry, particularly concerning the formation and decomposition of ozone"
Stanford MooreChemistry1972"for their contribution to the understanding of the connection between chemical structure and catalytic activity of the active centre of the ribonuclease molecule"
Thomas Hunt MorganMedicine1933"for his discoveries concerning the role played by the chromosome in heredity"
Toni MorrisonLiterature1993"who in novels characterized by visionary force and poetic import, gives life to an essential aspect of American reality"
Dale T. MortensenEconomics2010"for their analysis of markets with search frictions"
Rudolf Ludwig MössbauerPhysics1961"for his researches concerning the resonance absorption of gamma radiation and his discovery in this connection of the effect which bears his name"
John Raleigh MottPeace1946
Ben Roy MottelsonPhysics1975"for the discovery of the connection between collective motion and particle motion in atomic nuclei and the development of the theory of the structure of the atomic nucleus based on this connection"
Hermann Joseph MullerMedicine1946"for the discovery of the production of mutations by means of X-ray irradiation"
Robert S. MullikenChemistry1966"for his fundamental work concerning chemical bonds and the electronic structure of molecules by the molecular orbital method"
Kary B. MullisChemistry1993"for his invention of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method"
Robert A. MundellEconomics1999"for his analysis of monetary and fiscal policy under different exchange rate regimes and his analysis of optimum currency areas"
Ferid MuradMedicine1998"for their discoveries concerning nitric oxide as a signalling molecule in the cardiovascular system"
William Parry MurphyMedicine1934"for their discoveries concerning liver therapy in cases of anaemia"
Joseph E. MurrayMedicine1990"for their discoveries concerning organ and cell transplantation in the treatment of human disease"
Roger B. MyersonEconomics2007"for having laid the foundations of mechanism design theory"
Shuji NakamuraPhysics2014"for the invention of efficient blue light-emitting diodes which has enabled bright and energy-saving white light sources"
Yoichiro NambuPhysics2008"for the discovery of the mechanism of spontaneous broken symmetry in subatomic physics"
John F. Nash Jr.Economics1994"for their pioneering analysis of equilibria in the theory of non-cooperative games"
Daniel NathansMedicine1978"for the discovery of restriction enzymes and their application to problems of molecular genetics"
Ei-ichi NegishiChemistry2010"for palladium-catalyzed cross couplings in organic synthesis"
Marshall W. NirenbergMedicine1968"for their interpretation of the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis"
Douglass C. NorthEconomics1993"for having renewed research in economic history by applying economic theory and quantitative methods in order to explain economic and institutional change"
John Howard NorthropChemistry1946"for their preparation of enzymes and virus proteins in a pure form"
John O'KeefeMedicine2014"for their discoveries of cells that constitute a positioning system in the brain"
Eugene Gladstone O'NeillLiterature1936"for the power, honesty and deep-felt emotions of his dramatic works, which embody an original concept of tragedy"
Barack H. ObamaPeace2009"for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples"
Severo OchoaMedicine1959"for their discovery of the mechanisms in the biological synthesis of ribonucleic acid and deoxyribonucleic acid"
George A. OlahChemistry1994"for his contribution to carbocation chemistry"
Lars OnsagerChemistry1968"for the discovery of the reciprocal relations bearing his name, which are fundamental for the thermodynamics of irreversible processes"
Douglas D. OsheroffPhysics1996"for their discovery of superfluidity in helium-3"
Elinor OstromEconomics2009"for her analysis of economic governance, especially the commons"
George E. PaladeMedicine1974"for their discoveries concerning the structural and functional organization of the cell"
Wolfgang PauliPhysics1945"for the discovery of the Exclusion Principle, also called the Pauli Principle"
Linus Carl PaulingPeace1962"for his research into the nature of the chemical bond and its application to the elucidation of the structure of complex substances"
Charles J. PedersenChemistry1987"for their development and use of molecules with structure-specific interactions of high selectivity"
Arno Allan PenziasPhysics1978"for their discovery of cosmic microwave background radiation"
Martin L. PerlPhysics1995"for the discovery of the tau lepton"
Saul PerlmutterPhysics2011"for the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the Universe through observations of distant supernovae"
Edmund S. PhelpsEconomics2006"for his analysis of intertemporal tradeoffs in macroeconomic policy"
William D. PhillipsPhysics1997"for development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light"
H. David PolitzerPhysics2004"for the discovery of asymptotic freedom in the theory of the strong interaction"
John A. PopleChemistry1998"for his development of computational methods in quantum chemistry"
Edward C. PrescottEconomics2004"for their contributions to dynamic macroeconomics: the time consistency of economic policy and the driving forces behind business cycles"
Ilya PrigogineChemistry1977"for his contributions to non-equilibrium thermodynamics, particularly the theory of dissipative structures"
Stanley B. PrusinerMedicine1997"for his discovery of Prions - a new biological principle of infection"
Edward Mills PurcellPhysics1952"for their development of new methods for nuclear magnetic precision measurements and discoveries in connection therewith"
Isidor Isaac RabiPhysics1944"for his resonance method for recording the magnetic properties of atomic nuclei"
Leo James RainwaterPhysics1975"for the discovery of the connection between collective motion and particle motion in atomic nuclei and the development of the theory of the structure of the atomic nucleus based on this connection"
Norman F. RamseyPhysics1989"for the invention of the separated oscillatory fields method and its use in the hydrogen maser and other atomic clocks"
Frederick ReinesPhysics1995"for the detection of the neutrino"
Theodore William RichardsChemistry1914"in recognition of his accurate determinations of the atomic weight of a large number of chemical elements"
Dickinson W. RichardsMedicine1956"for their discoveries concerning heart catheterization and pathological changes in the circulatory system"
Robert C. RichardsonPhysics1996"for their discovery of superfluidity in helium-3"
Burton RichterPhysics1976"for their pioneering work in the discovery of a heavy elementary particle of a new kind"
Adam G. RiessPhysics2011"for the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the Universe through observations of distant supernovae"
Frederick Chapman RobbinsMedicine1954"for their discovery of the ability of poliomyelitis viruses to grow in cultures of various types of tissue"
Richard J. RobertsMedicine1993"for their discoveries of split genes"
Martin RodbellMedicine1994"for their discovery of G-proteins and the role of these proteins in signal transduction in cells"
Theodore RooseveltPeace1906
Elihu RootPeace1912
Irwin RoseChemistry2004"for the discovery of ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation"
Alvin E. RothEconomics2012"for the theory of stable allocations and the practice of market design"
James E. RothmanMedicine2013"for their discoveries of machinery regulating vesicle traffic, a major transport system in our cells"
Peyton RousMedicine1966"for his discovery of tumour-inducing viruses"
F. Sherwood RowlandChemistry1995"for their work in atmospheric chemistry, particularly concerning the formation and decomposition of ozone"
Paul A. SamuelsonEconomics1970"for the scientific work through which he has developed static and dynamic economic theory and actively contributed to raising the level of analysis in economic science"
Thomas J. SargentEconomics2011"for their empirical research on cause and effect in the macroeconomy"
Andrew V. SchallyMedicine1977"for their discoveries concerning the peptide hormone production of the brain"
Arthur Leonard SchawlowPhysics1981"for their contribution to the development of laser spectroscopy"
Randy W. SchekmanMedicine2013"for their discoveries of machinery regulating vesicle traffic, a major transport system in our cells"
Thomas C. SchellingEconomics2005"for having enhanced our understanding of conflict and cooperation through game-theory analysis"
Brian P. SchmidtPhysics2011"for the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the Universe through observations of distant supernovae"
Myron S. ScholesEconomics1997"for a new method to determine the value of derivatives"
John Robert SchriefferPhysics1972"for their jointly developed theory of superconductivity, usually called the BCS-theory"
Richard R. SchrockChemistry2005"for the development of the metathesis method in organic synthesis"
Theodore W. SchultzEconomics1979"for their pioneering research into economic development research with particular consideration of the problems of developing countries"
Melvin SchwartzPhysics1988"for the neutrino beam method and the demonstration of the doublet structure of the leptons through the discovery of the muon neutrino"
Julian SchwingerPhysics1965"for their fundamental work in quantum electrodynamics, with deep-ploughing consequences for the physics of elementary particles"
Glenn Theodore SeaborgChemistry1951"for their discoveries in the chemistry of the transuranium elements"
Emilio Gino SegrèPhysics1959"for their discovery of the antiproton"
Lloyd S. ShapleyEconomics2012"for the theory of stable allocations and the practice of market design"
Phillip A. SharpMedicine1993"for their discoveries of split genes"
William F. SharpeEconomics1990"for their pioneering work in the theory of financial economics"
K. Barry SharplessChemistry2001"for his work on chirally catalysed oxidation reactions"
Robert J. ShillerEconomics2013"for their empirical analysis of asset prices"
Osamu ShimomuraChemistry2008"for the discovery and development of the green fluorescent protein, GFP"
William Bradford ShockleyPhysics1956"for their researches on semiconductors and their discovery of the transistor effect"
Clifford G. ShullPhysics1994"for the development of the neutron diffraction technique"
Herbert A. SimonEconomics1978"for his pioneering research into the decision-making process within economic organizations"
Christopher A. SimsEconomics2011"for their empirical research on cause and effect in the macroeconomy"
Richard E. SmalleyChemistry1996"for their discovery of fullerenes"
Hamilton O. SmithMedicine1978"for the discovery of restriction enzymes and their application to problems of molecular genetics"
Vernon L. SmithEconomics2002"for having established laboratory experiments as a tool in empirical economic analysis, especially in the study of alternative market mechanisms"
George E. SmithPhysics2009"for the invention of an imaging semiconductor circuit - the CCD sensor"
Oliver SmithiesMedicine2007"for their discoveries of principles for introducing specific gene modifications in mice by the use of embryonic stem cells"
George F. SmootPhysics2006"for their discovery of the blackbody form and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation"
George D. SnellMedicine1980"for their discoveries concerning genetically determined structures on the cell surface that regulate immunological reactions"
Robert M. SolowEconomics1987"for his contributions to the theory of economic growth"
A. Michael SpenceEconomics2001"for their analyses of markets with asymmetric information"
Roger W. SperryMedicine1981"for his discoveries concerning the functional specialization of the cerebral hemispheres"
Wendell Meredith StanleyChemistry1946"for their preparation of enzymes and virus proteins in a pure form"
William H. SteinChemistry1972"for their contribution to the understanding of the connection between chemical structure and catalytic activity of the active centre of the ribonuclease molecule"
John SteinbeckLiterature1962"for his realistic and imaginative writings, combining as they do sympathetic humour and keen social perception"
Ralph M. SteinmanMedicine2011"for his discovery of the dendritic cell and its role in adaptive immunity"
Thomas A. SteitzChemistry2009"for studies of the structure and function of the ribosome"
Otto SternPhysics1943"for his contribution to the development of the molecular ray method and his discovery of the magnetic moment of the proton"
George J. StiglerEconomics1982"for his seminal studies of industrial structures, functioning of markets and causes and effects of public regulation"
Joseph E. StiglitzEconomics2001"for their analyses of markets with asymmetric information"
Horst L. StörmerPhysics1998"for their discovery of a new form of quantum fluid with fractionally charged excitations"
Thomas C. SüdhofMedicine2013"for their discoveries of machinery regulating vesicle traffic, a major transport system in our cells"
James Batcheller SumnerChemistry1946"for his discovery that enzymes can be crystallized"
Earl W. Sutherland, Jr.Medicine1971"for his discoveries concerning the mechanisms of the action of hormones"
Jack W. SzostakMedicine2009"for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase"
Edward Lawrie TatumMedicine1958"for their discovery that genes act by regulating definite chemical events"
Henry TaubeChemistry1983"for his work on the mechanisms of electron transfer reactions, especially in metal complexes"
Richard E. TaylorPhysics1990"for their pioneering investigations concerning deep inelastic scattering of electrons on protons and bound neutrons, which have been of essential importance for the development of the quark model in particle physics"
Joseph H. Taylor Jr.Physics1993"for the discovery of a new type of pulsar, a discovery that has opened up new possibilities for the study of gravitation"
Howard Martin TeminMedicine1975"for their discoveries concerning the interaction between tumour viruses and the genetic material of the cell"
Max TheilerMedicine1951"for his discoveries concerning yellow fever and how to combat it"
E. Donnall ThomasMedicine1990"for their discoveries concerning organ and cell transplantation in the treatment of human disease"
Samuel Chao Chung TingPhysics1976"for their pioneering work in the discovery of a heavy elementary particle of a new kind"
James TobinEconomics1981"for his analysis of financial markets and their relations to expenditure decisions, employment, production and prices"
Susumu TonegawaMedicine1987"for his discovery of the genetic principle for generation of antibody diversity"
Charles Hard TownesPhysics1964"for fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maser-laser principle"
Roger Y. TsienChemistry2008"for the discovery and development of the green fluorescent protein, GFP"
Daniel C. TsuiPhysics1998"for their discovery of a new form of quantum fluid with fractionally charged excitations"
Harold Clayton UreyChemistry1934"for his discovery of heavy hydrogen"
John Hasbrouck van VleckPhysics1977"for their fundamental theoretical investigations of the electronic structure of magnetic and disordered systems"
Harold E. VarmusMedicine1989"for their discovery of the cellular origin of retroviral oncogenes"
William VickreyEconomics1996"for their fundamental contributions to the economic theory of incentives under asymmetric information"
Georg von BékésyMedicine1961"for his discoveries of the physical mechanism of stimulation within the cochlea"
Selman Abraham WaksmanMedicine1952"for his discovery of streptomycin, the first antibiotic effective against tuberculosis"
George WaldMedicine1967"for their discoveries concerning the primary physiological and chemical visual processes in the eye"
Arieh WarshelChemistry2013"for the development of multiscale models for complex chemical systems"
James Dewey WatsonMedicine1962"for their discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nucleic acids and its significance for information transfer in living material"
Steven WeinbergPhysics1979"for their contributions to the theory of the unified weak and electromagnetic interaction between elementary particles, including, inter alia, the prediction of the weak neutral current"
Thomas Huckle WellerMedicine1954"for their discovery of the ability of poliomyelitis viruses to grow in cultures of various types of tissue"
George Hoyt WhippleMedicine1934"for their discoveries concerning liver therapy in cases of anaemia"
Carl E. WiemanPhysics2001"for the achievement of Bose-Einstein condensation in dilute gases of alkali atoms, and for early fundamental studies of the properties of the condensates"
Eric F. WieschausMedicine1995"for their discoveries concerning the genetic control of early embryonic development"
Torsten N. WieselMedicine1981"for their discoveries concerning information processing in the visual system"
Eugene Paul WignerPhysics1963"for his contributions to the theory of the atomic nucleus and the elementary particles, particularly through the discovery and application of fundamental symmetry principles"
Frank WilczekPhysics2004"for the discovery of asymptotic freedom in the theory of the strong interaction"
Jody WilliamsPeace1997"for their work for the banning and clearing of anti-personnel mines"
Oliver E. WilliamsonEconomics2009"for his analysis of economic governance, especially the boundaries of the firm"
Robert Woodrow WilsonPhysics1978"for their discovery of cosmic microwave background radiation"
Kenneth G. WilsonPhysics1982"for his theory for critical phenomena in connection with phase transitions"
Thomas Woodrow WilsonPeace1919
David J. WinelandPhysics2012"for ground-breaking experimental methods that enable measuring and manipulation of individual quantum systems"
Robert Burns WoodwardChemistry1965"for his outstanding achievements in the art of organic synthesis"
Kurt WüthrichChemistry2002"for his development of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy for determining the three-dimensional structure of biological macromolecules in solution"
Rosalyn YalowMedicine1977"for the development of radioimmunoassays of peptide hormones"
Shinya YamanakaMedicine2012"for the discovery that mature cells can be reprogrammed to become pluripotent"
Chen Ning YangPhysics1957"for their penetrating investigation of the so-called parity laws which has led to important discoveries regarding the elementary particles"
Hideki YukawaPhysics1949"for his prediction of the existence of mesons on the basis of theoretical work on nuclear forces"
Ahmed H. ZewailChemistry1999"for his studies of the transition states of chemical reactions using femtosecond spectroscopy"

Partial List of Famous People#

Field Medal Winners#

NameYearAffiliation
Manjul Bhargava2014Princeton University,
Paul Joseph Cohen1966Stanford University
Jesse Douglas1936Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
Charles Louis Fefferman1978Princeton University
Michael H. Freedman1986University of California
Curtis T. McMullen1998Harvard University
John Willard Milnor1962Princeton University
David Bryant Mumford1974Harvard University
Daniel G. Quillen1978Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
Stephen Smale1966University of California
John Griggs Thompson1970University of Chicago
William P. Thurston1982Princeton University
Edward Witten1990Princeton University
Shing-Tung Yau1982Institute for Advanced Study

National Parks#

Wolf Prize Winner#

NameCategoryYearMotivation
Carl DjerassiChemistry1978THE 1978 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY The Wolf Foundation Prize Committee for Chemistry for 1978 has unanimously selected for his work in bioorganic chemistry, application of new spectroscopic techniques, and his support of international cooperation.
Herman F. MarkChemistry1979THE 1979 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY The Wolf Foundation Prize Committee in Chemistry for 1979 has selected for his contributions to understanding the structure and behavior of natural and synthetic polymers.
Henry EyringChemistry1980THE 1980 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY The Wolf Foundation Prize Committee in Chemistry for 1980 has selected for his development of absolute rate theory and its imaginative applications to chemical and physical processes.
George C. PimentelChemistry1982THE 1982 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY The Prize Committee in Chemistry for 1982 has reached the unanimous decision to recommend that the Wolf Prize be awarded to a distinguished chemists for their far-reaching contributions to science for the benefit of mankind. for development of matrix isolation spectroscopy and for the discovery of photodissociation lasers and chemical lasers.
Harden M. McConnellChemistry1983THE 1983/4 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY The Chemistry Prize Committee for 1983/4 has unanimously chosen the following candidate to equally share the award for his studies of the electronic structure of molecules through paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy and for the introduction and biological applications of spin label techniques.
Herbert S. GutowskyChemistry1983THE 1983/4 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY The Chemistry Prize Committee for 1983/4 has unanimously chosen the candidate to equally share the award for his pioneering work in the development and applications of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy in chemistry
John S. WaughChemistry1983THE 1983/4 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY The Chemistry Prize Committee for 1983/4 has unanimously chosen the following candidate to equally share the award for his fundamental theoretical and experimental contributions to high resolution nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy in solids.
Rudolph A. MarcusChemistry1984THE 1984/5 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY The Wolf Prize Committee in Chemistry for 1984/5 has reached a unanimous decision to award the Wolf Prize for his contribution to chemical kinetics, especially the theories of unimolecular reactions and electron transfer reactions.
Elias J. CoreyChemistry1986THE 1986 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY The Chemistry Prize Committee for 1986 has unanimously decided to recommend that the Wolf Prize in Chemistry be awarded for outstanding research on the synthesis of many highly complex natural products and the demonstration of novel ways of thinking about such syntheses.
Alexander PinesChemistry1991THE 1991 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY The Chemistry Prize Committee has unanimously selected the following candidate to equally share the Wolf Prize for 1991: for their revolutionary contributions to NMR spectroscopy, especially multiple-quantum and high-spin NMR by Pines.
Ahmed H. ZewailChemistry1993THE 1993 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY The Prize Committee in Chemistry has unanimously decided that the Wolf Prize for 1993 be awarded for using ultrafast lasers in femtosecond time resolved measurements of the evolution of chemical reactions - thus obtaining the first direct observation of bond breakage in a molecule.
Peter G. SchultzChemistry1994THE 1994/5 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY for converting antibodies into enzymes, thus permitting the catalysis of chemical reactions considered impossible to achieve by classical chemical procedures.
Richard A. LernerChemistry1994THE 1994/5 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY for converting antibodies into enzymes, thus permitting the catalysis of chemical reactions considered impossible to achieve by classical chemical procedures.
Gilbert StorkChemistry1995THE 1995/6 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY The Prize Committee for Chemistry has unanimously decided that the Prize for 1995/6 be awarded for designing and developing novel chemical reactions which have opened new avenues to the synthesis of the synthesis of complex molecules, particularly polysaccharides and many other biologically and medicinally important compounds.
Samuel J. DanishefskyChemistry1995THE 1995/6 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY The Prize Committee for Chemistry has unanimously decided that the Prize for 1995/6 be awarded for designing and developing novel chemical reactions which have opened new avenues to the synthesis of the synthesis of complex molecules, particularly polysaccharides and many other biologically and medicinally important compounds.
F. Albert CottonChemistry2000THE 2000 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY for opening up an entirely new phase of transition metal chemistry based on pairs and clusters of metal atoms directly linked by single or multiple bonds
K. Barry SharplessChemistry2001THE 2001 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY The Prize Committee for Chemistry has unanimously decided that the Prize for 2001 be awarded for his pioneering, creative and crucial work in developing asymmetric catalysis for the synthesis of chiral molecules, greatly increasing mankind´s ability to create new products of fundamental and practical importance.
Harry B. GrayChemistry2004THE 2004 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY for pioneering work in bio-inorganic chemistry, unravelling novel principles of structure and long-range electron transfer in proteins.
Richard N. ZareChemistry2005THE 2005 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY The Prize Committee for Chemistry has unanimously decided that the 2005 Wolf Prize be awarded for his ingenious applications of laser techniques, for identifying complex mechanisms in molecules, and their use in analytical chemistry.
George FeherChemistry2006THE 2006/7 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY The Prize Committee for Chemistry has unanimously decided that the 2006/7 Wolf Prize be awarded for ingenious structural discoveries of the ribosomal machinery of peptide-bond formation and the light-driven primary processes in photosynthesis.
Allen J. BardChemistry2008THE 2008 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY The Prize Committee for Chemistry has unanimously decided that the 2008 Wolf Prize be awarded for the ingenious creation of a new field of science, single molecule spectroscopy and electrochemistry, with impact at the nanoscopic regime, from the molecular and cellular domain to complex material systems
William E. MoernerChemistry2008THE 2008 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY The Prize Committee for Chemistry has unanimously decided that the 2008 Wolf Prize be awarded for the ingenious creation of a new field of science, single molecule spectroscopy and electrochemistry, with impact at the nanoscopic regime, from the molecular and cellular domain to complex material systems.
Ching TangChemistry2011THE 2011 WOLF PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY The Prize Committee for Chemistry has unanimously decided that the 2011 Wolf Prize be awarded For deep creative contributions to the chemical sciences in the field of synthesis, properties and an understanding of organic materials
Stuart A. RiceChemistry2011THE 2011 WOLF PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY The Prize Committee for Chemistry has unanimously decided that the 2011 Wolf Prize be awarded For deep creative contributions to the chemical sciences in the field of synthesis, properties and an understanding of organic materials;
Charles M. LieberChemistry2012For developing new methods to control the shape and heterostructure of nanowires, for characterizing their physical properties, and for demonstrating their potential applications.
Prof. A. Paul AlivisatosChemistry2012For developing the colloidal inorganic nanocrystal as a building block of nanoscience making fundamental contributions to controlling the synthesis of these particles, to measuring and understanding their physical properties, and to utilizing their unique properties for applications ranging from light generation and harvesting to biological imaging.
Prof. Robert S. Langer of M.I.TChemistry2013From M.I.T, USA“ For conceiving and implementing advances in polymer chemistry that provide both controlled drug-release systems and new biomaterials.”
Prof. Chi-huey WongChemistry2014From Academia Sinica, Taiwan For numerous original contributions to the programmable and practical synthesis of complex carbohydrates and glycoproteins.
Chien-Shiung WuPhysics1978THE 1978 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN PHYSICS for exploring the weak interaction, helping establish the precise form and the non-conservation of parity for this natural force.
George E. UhlenbeckPhysics1979The 1979 wolf foundation prize in physics for his contributions to the discoveries of electron pair production and of the charged pion.
Kenneth G. WilsonPhysics1980THE 1980 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN PHYSICS for pathbreaking developments culminating in the general theory of the critical behavior at transitions between the different thermodynamic phases of matter.
Leo P. KadanoffPhysics1980THE 1980 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN PHYSICS for pathbreaking developments culminating in the general theory of the critical behavior at transitions between the different thermodynamic phases of matter
Freeman J. DysonPhysics1981THE 1981 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN PHYSICS for their outstanding contributions to theoretical physics, especially in the development and application of the quantum theory of fields
Victor F. WeisskopfPhysics1981THE 1981 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN PHYSICS for their outstanding contributions to theoretical physics, especially in the development and application of the quantum theory of fields.
Leon M. LedermanPhysics1982THE 1982 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN PHYSICS for their experimental discovery of unexpected new particles establishing a third generation of quarks and leptons.
Martin M. PerlPhysics1982THE 1982 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN PHYSICS for their experimental discovery of unexpected new particles establishing a third generation of quarks and leptons.
Erwin L. HahnPhysics1984THE 1983/4 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN PHYSICS for his discovery of nuclear spin echoes and for the phenomenon of self-induced transparency.
Theodore H. MaimanPhysics1984THE 1983/4 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN PHYSICS for his realization of the first operating laser, the pulsed three level ruby laser.
Conyers HerringPhysics1985THE 1984/5 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN PHYSICS for their major contributions to the fundamental theory of solids, especially of the behaviour of electronsin metals
Albert J. LibchaberPhysics1986HE 1986 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN PHYSICS for his brilliant experimental demonstration of the transition to turbulence and chaos in dynamical systems.
Mitchell J. FeigenbaumPhysics1986HE 1986 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN PHYSICS for his brilliant experimental demonstration of the transition to turbulence and chaos in dynamical systems.
Bruno B. RossiPhysics1987THE 1987 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN PHYSICS for the discovery of extra-solar X-ray sources and the elucidation of their physical processes.
Herbert FriedmanPhysics1987THE 1987 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN PHYSICS for the discovery of extra-solar X-ray sources and the elucidation of their physical processes.
Riccardo GiacconiPhysics1987THE 1987 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN PHYSICS for the discovery of extra-solar X-ray sources and the elucidation of their physical processes.
David J. ThoulessPhysics1990THE 1990 WOLF FOUNDATON PRIZE IN PHYSICS for a wide variety of pioneering contributions to our understanding of the organization of complex condensed matter systems,de Gennes especially for his work on macromolecular matter and liquid crystals and Thouless for his on disordered and low-dimensional systems.
Pierre-Gilles de GennesPhysics1990THE 1990 WOLF FOUNDATON PRIZE IN PHYSICS for a wide variety of pioneering contributions to our understanding of the organization of complex condensed matter systems,de Gennes especially for his work on macromolecular matter and liquid crystals and Thouless for his on disordered and low-dimensional systems.
Maurice GoldhaberPhysics1991THE 1991 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN PHYSICS for their separate seminal contributions to nuclear and particle physics, particularly those concerning the weak interactions involving leptons.
Valentine L. TelegdiPhysics1991THE 1991 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN PHYSICS for their separate seminal contributions to nuclear and particle physics, particularly those concerning the weak interactions involving leptons.
Joseph H. Taylor Jr.Physics1992THE 1992 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN PHYSICS for his discovery of an orbiting radio pulsar and its exploitation to verify the general theory of relativity to high precision.
Benoit B. MandelbrotPhysics1993THE 1993 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN PHYSICS by recognizing the widespread occurrence of fractals and developing mathematical tools for describing them, he has changed our view of nature.
Yoichiro NambuPhysics1995THE 1994/5 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN PHYSICS for his contribution to elementary particle theory, including recognition of the role played by spontaneous symmetry-breaking in analogy with uperconductivity theory, and the discovery of the color symmetry of the strong interactions.
John A. WheelerPhysics1997THE 1996/7 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN PHYSICS for his seminal contributions to black holes physics, to quantum gravity, and to the theories of nuclear scattering and nuclear fission.
Raymond Davis JrPhysics2000THE 2000 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN PHYSICS for their pioneering observations of astronomical phenomena by detection of neutrinos, thus creating the emerging field of neutrino astronomy.
Anthony J. LeggettPhysics2003THE 2002/3 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN PHYSICS for key insights into the broad range of condensed matter physics: Leggett on superfluidity of the light helium isotope and macroscopic quantum phenomena; and Halperin on two- dimensional melting, disordered systems and strongly interacting electrons.
Bertrand I. HalperinPhysics2003THE 2002/3 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN PHYSICS for key insights into the broad range of condensed matter physics: Leggett on superfluidity of the light helium isotope and macroscopic quantum phenomena; and Halperin on two- dimensional melting, disordered systems and strongly interacting electrons.
Daniel KleppnerPhysics2005THE 2005 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN PHYSICS for groundbreaking work in atomic physics of hydrogenic systems, including research on the hydrogen maser, Rydberg atoms and Bose-Einstein condensation.
John F. ClauserPhysics2010Wolf Prize be jointly awarded to: For their fundamental conceptual and experimental contributions to the foundations of quantum physics, specifically an increasingly sophisticated series of tests of Bell’s inequalities or extensions there of using entangled quantum states.
Prof. James D. BjorkenPhysics2015For predicting scaling in deep inelastic scattering, leading to identification of nucleon's pointlike constituents.
Prof. Robert P. KirshnerPhysics2015For forging the path to supernova cosmology through his observations and insights.
Oscar ZariskiMathematics1981THE 1981 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MATHEMATICS The Wolf Prize Committee for Mathematics has unanimously decided that the award for 1981 should be equally divided Creator of the modern approach to Algebraic geometry, by its fusion , with Commutative algebra.
Hassler WhitneyMathematics1982THE 1982 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MATHEMATICS The Prize Committee for Mathematics has unanimously chosen the following Wolf Prize winner to equally share the 1982 award for his fundamental work in algebraic topology, differential geometry and differential topology.
Shiing S. ChernMathematics1983THE 1983/4 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MATHEMATICS The Mathematics Prize Committee for 1983/4 unanimously concluded that the Wolf Prize in Mathematics be shared jointly for outstanding contributions to global differential geometry, which have profoundly influenced all mathematics.
Hans LewyMathematics1984THE 1984/5 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MATHEMATICS The Mathematics Prize Committee for 1984/5 recommends unanimously that the Wolf Prize in Mathematics be shared jointly for initiating many, now classic and essential, developments in partial differential equations.
Samuel EilenbergMathematics1986THE 1986 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MATHEMATICS The Mathematics Prize Committee for 1986 unanimously recommends that the Wolf Prize in Mathematics be shared jointly for his fundamental work in algebraic topology and homological algebra.
Peter D. LaxMathematics1987THE 1987 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MATHEMATICS The Prize Committee in Mathematics for 1987 has unanimously recommended that the Wolf Prize in Mathematics be shared in equal halves for his outstanding contributions to many areas of analysis and applied mathematics
John W. MilnorMathematics1989THE 1989 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MATHEMATICS The Mathematics Prize Committee has unanimously selected the following candidate to equally share the 1989 Wolf Prize in Mathematics for ingenious and highly original discoveries in geometry, which have opened important new vistas in topology from the algebraic, combinatorial, and differentiable viewpoint.
Ilya Piatetski-ShapiroMathematics1990THE 1990 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MATHEMATICS The Mathematics Prize committee has unanimously selected the following candidate to equally share the 1990 Wolf Prize in Mathematics for his fundamental contributions in the fields of homogeneous complex domains, discrete groups, representation theory and automorphic forms
John G. ThompsonMathematics1992THE 1992 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MATHEMATICS The Mathematics Prize Committee has unanimously selected the following scientist to equally share the Wolf Prize for 1992: for his profound contributions to all aspects of finite group theory and connections with other branches of mathematics.
Jurgen K. MoserMathematics1994THE 1994/5 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MATHEMATICS The Prize Committee for Mathematics has unanimously decided that the Wolf Prize for 1994/5 awarded for his fundamental work on stability in Hamiltonian and his profound and influential contributions to nonlinear differential equations.
Joseph B. KellerMathematics1996THE 1996/7 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MATHEMATICS for his innovative contributions, in particular to electromagnetic, optical, acoustic wave propagation and to fluid, solid, quantum and statistical mechanics.
Yakov G. SinaiMathematics1996THE 1996/7 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MATHEMATICS The Prize Committee for Mathematics has unanimously decided that the Wolf Prize for 1996/7 be awarded for his fundamental contributions to mathematically rigorous methods in statistical mechanics and the ergodic theory of dynamical systems and their applications in physics.
Elias M. SteinMathematics1999THE 1999 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MATHEMATICS The Prize Committee for Mathematics has unanimously decided that the Wolf Prize for 1999 be awarded for his contributions to classical and “Euclidean” Fourier analysis and for his exceptional impact on a new generation of analysts through his eloquent teaching and writing.
Laszlo LovaszMathematics1999THE 1999 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MATHEMATICS The Prize Committee for Mathematics has unanimously decided that the Wolf Prize for 1999 be awarded for his outstanding contributions to combinatorics, theoretical computer science and combinatorial optimization.
Raoul BottMathematics2000THE 2000 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MATHEMATICS The Prize Committee for Mathematics has unanimously decided that the 2000 Prize be awarded for his deep discoveries in topology and differential geometry and their applications to Lie groups, differential operators and mathematical physics,
John T. TateMathematics2002THE 2002/3 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MATHEMATICS The Prize Committee for Mathematics has unanimously decided that the 2002/3 Wolf Prize be awarded for his creation of fundamental concepts in algebraic number theory.
David B. MumfordMathematics2008THE 2008 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MATHEMATICS The Prize Committee for Mathematics has unanimously decided that the 2008 Wolf Prize will be awarded
Phillip A. GriffithsMathematics2008THE 2008 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MATHEMATICS The Prize Committee for Mathematics has unanimously decided that the 2008 Wolf Prize will be awarded
Daniel SullivanMathematics2010THE 2010 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MATHEMATICS The Prize Committee for Mathematics has unanimously decided that the 2010 Wolf Prize will be awarded for his innovative contributions to algebraic topology and conformal dynamics.
Shing-Tung YauMathematics2010THE 2010 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MATHEMATICS The Prize Committee for Mathematics has unanimously decided that the 2010 Wolf Prize will be awarded for his work in geometric analysis that has had a profound and dramatic impact on many areas of geometry and physics;
Luis CaffarelliMathematics2012Luis Caffarelli produced outstanding, visionary, original and fundamental work on partial differential equations, in particular on regularity for elliptic and parabolic equations, free boundary problems and fluid mechanics.
Michael AschbacherMathematics2012Michael Aschbacher is a principal architect of the classification of finite simple groups. His Impact on the theory of finite groups is extraordinary in its breadth, depth and beauty.
Prof. George MostowMathematics2013From Yale, USA: For his fundamental and pioneering contribution to geometry and Lie group theory.
Prof. Michael ArtinMathematics2013From M.I.T, USA: For his fundamental contributions to algebraic geometry, both commutative and non-commutative.
Prof. Peter SarnakMathematics2014From The Institute for Advanced Study and Princeton University ,Princeton, NJ .USA For his deep contributions to Analysis, Number Theory, Geometry, and Combinatorics.
George D. SnellMedicine1978The 1978 wolf foundation prize in medicine The Wolf Foundation Prize Committee in Medicine has decided to award the first Wolf Prize in Medicine jointly for discovery of H-2 antigens, which codes for major transplantation antigens and the onset of the immune response.
Roger W. SperryMedicine1979THE 1979 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MEDICINE The Wolf Foundation Prize Committee in Medicine has decided that the Prize in Medicine for 1979 shall be equally shared for his studies on the functional differentiation of the right and left hemispheres of the brain.
Barbara McClintockMedicine1981THE 1981 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MEDICINE The members of the Prize Committee in Medicine recommend the award of the 1981 Wolf Prize jointly
Stanley N. CohenMedicine1981The 1981 wolf foundation prize in medicine The members of the Prize Committee in Medicine recommend the award of the 1981 Wolf Prize jointly
Solomon H. SnyderMedicine1982THE 1982 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MEDICINE The Prize Committee for Medicine has unanimously decided that the Wolf Foundation Prize for 1982 should be equally divided for the development of the ways to label neurotransmitter receptors, which provide tools to describe their properties.
Donald F. SteinerMedicine1985THE 1984/5 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MEDICINE The Wolf Prize Committee in Medicine for 1984/5 has unanimously recommended that the Wolf Prize in Medicine be awarded for discoveries concerning the biosynthesis and processing of insulin which have had profound implications for basic biology and clinical medicine.
Pedro CuatrecasasMedicine1987THE 1987 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MEDICINE The 1987 Prize Committee in Medicine has unanimously decided that the Wolf Prize in Medicine be shared jointly for the invention and development of affinity chromatography and its applications to biomedical sciences.
Elizabeth F. NeufeldMedicine1988THE 1988 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MEDICINE The Medicine Prize Committee has unanimously decided that the 1988 Wolf Foundation Prize in Medicine be equally shared for the biochemical elucidation of lysosomal storage diseases and the resulting contributions to biology, pathology, prenatal diagnosis, and therapeutics.
Edward B. LewisMedicine1989THE 1989 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MEDICINE The Medicine Prize committee has unanimously selected the following candidate to equally share the 1989 Wolf Prize in Medicine for his demonstration and exploration of the genetic control of the development of body segments by homeotic genes.
Maclyn McCartyMedicine1990The 1990 wolf foundation prize in medicine The Prize committee in Medicine has unanimously decided that the Wolf Prize for 1990 awarded for his part in the demonstration that the transforming factor in bacteria is due to deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and the concomitant discovery that the genetic material is composed of DNA.
Seymour BenzerMedicine1991THE 1991 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MEDICINE The Prize Committee in Medicine has unanimously decided that the Wolf Prize for 1991 be awarded for having generated a new field of molecular neurogenetics by his pioneering research on the dissection of the nervous system and behavior by gene mutations.
M. Judah FolkmanMedicine1992THE 1992 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MEDICINE The Prize Committee in Medicine has unanimously decided that the Wolf Prize for 1992 be awarded for his discoveries which originated the concept and developed the field of angiogenesis research.
Stanley B. PrusinerMedicine1996THE 1995/6 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MEDICINE The Prize Committee for Medicine has unanimously decided that the Prize for 1995/6 awarded for discovering prions, new class of pathogens that cause important neurodegenerative disease by inducing changes in protein structute.
Eric R. KandelMedicine1999THE 1999 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MEDICINE The Prize Committee for Medicine has unanimously decided that the Prize for 1999 awarded for the elucidation of the organismic, cellular and molecular mechanisms whereby short term memory is converted to a long term form.
Alexander VarshavskyMedicine2001THE 2001 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MEDICINE The Prize Committee for Medicine has unanimously decided that the Prize for 2001 be awarded for the discovery of the ubiquitin system of intracellular protein degradation and the crucial functions of this system in cellular regulation.
Mario R. CapecchiMedicine2003THE 2002/3 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MEDICINE The Prize Committee for Medicine has unanimously decided that the 2002/3 Wolf Prize be awarded for his contribution to the development of gene-targeting, enabling elucidation of gene function in mice.
Oliver SmithiesMedicine2003The 2002/3 wolf foundation in medicine The Prize Committee for Medicine has unanimously decided that the 2002/3 Wolf Prize be awarded for his contribution to the development of gene-targeting, enabling elucidation of gene function in mice.
Ralph L. BrinsterMedicine2003The 2002/3 wolf foundation prize in medicine The Prize Committee for Medicine has unanimously decided that the 2002/3 Wolf Prize be awarded for the development of procedures to manipulate mouse ova and embryos, which has enabled transgenesis and its applications in mice.
Robert A. WeinbergMedicine2004The 2004 wolf foundation prize in medicine The Prize Committee for Medicine has unanimously decided that the 2004 Wolf Prize be awarded for his discovery that cancer cells including human tumor cells, carry somatically mutated genes-oncogenes that operate to drive their malignant proliferation
Roger Y. TsienMedicine2004THE 2004 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MEDICINE The Prize Committee for Medicine has unanimously decided that the 2004 Wolf Prize be awarded for his seminal contribution to the design and biological application of novel fluorescent and photolabile molecules to analyze and perturb cell signal transduction.
Anthony R. HunterMedicine2005THE 2005 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MEDICINE The Prize Committee for Medicine has unanimously decided that the 2005 Wolf Prize will be jointly awarded, in equal parts for the discovery of protein kinases that phosphorylate tyrosine residues in proteins, critical for the regulation of a wide variety of cellular events, including malignant transformation;
Rudolf JaenischMedicine2011The Prize Committee for Medicine has unanimously decided that the 2011 Wolf Prize be awarded For the generation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS cells) from skin cells (SY) and demonstration that iPS cells can be used to cure genetic disease in a mammal, thus establishing their therapeutic potential (RJ).
Ronald M. EvansMedicine2012For discovering the gene super-family encoding nuclear receptors and elucidating the mechanism of action of this class of receptors.
Prof. Gary RuvkunMedicine2014Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School For The discovery of microRNA as central regulators of gene expression in health and disease
Prof. Victor AmbrosMedicine2014Prof. Victor Ambros University of Massachusetts Medical School For The discovery of micro RNA as central regulators of gene expression in health and disease.
Prof. Jeffrey RavetchMedicine2015For advancing the understanding of the molecular basis of the immune response.
Prof. John KapplerMedicine2015For advancing the understanding of the molecular basis of the immune response.
George F. SpragueAgriculture1978THE 1978 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN AGRICULTURE for his outstanding research on the genetic amelioration of maize for human welfare.
John C. WalkerAgriculture1978THE 1978 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN AGRICULTURE for his research in plant pathology, developing of disease-resistant varieties of major food plants.
Jay L. LushAgriculture1979THE 1979 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE AGRICULTURE The Prize Committee unanimously agreed that the Wolf Foundation Prize in Agriculture for 1979 should be awarded for his outstanding and pioneering contributions to the application of genetics to livestock improvement.
Sir Kenneth BlaxterAgriculture1979THE 1979 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE AGRICULTURE The Prize Committee unanimously agreed that the Wolf Foundation Prize in Agriculture for 1979 should be awarded for his fundamental contributions to the science and practice of ruminant nutrition and livestock production.
Karl MaramoroschAgriculture1980THE 1980 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN AGRICULTURE The Prize Committee unanimously agreed that the Wolf Foundation Prize in Agriculture for 1980 should be awarded for his pioneering and wide-ranging studies on interactions between insects and disease agents in plants.
Glenn W. SalisburyAgriculture1981THE 1981 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN AGRICULTURE The Prize Committee has unanimously agreed that the Wolf prize for 1981 should be awarded for his outstanding achievements in basic-and-applied research on artificial insemination.
Henry A. LardyAgriculture1981THE 1981 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN AGRICULTURE The Prize Committee has unanimously agreed that the Wolf prize for 1981 should be awarded for his pioneering research on storage and preservation of spermatozoa thus enabling artificial insemination to become a universal practice.
John O. AlmquistAgriculture1981THE 1981 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN AGRICULTURE The Prize Committee has unanimously agreed that the Wolf prize for 1981 should be awarded for his significant contributions to the application of artificial insemination to livestock improvement.
Wendell L. RoelofsAgriculture1982THE 1982 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN AGRICULTURE The Prize Committee has unanimously agreed that the 1982 Wolf Prize in Agriculture be awarded for his fundamental chemical and biological research on pheromones and their practical use in insect control.
Don KirkhamAgriculture1983THE 1983/4 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN AGRICULTURE The Agriculture Prize Committee for 1983/4 for his innovative contributions to the quantitative understanding of soil-water and other environmental interactions influencing crop growth and yield.
Robert H. BurrisAgriculture1984THE 1984/5 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN AGRICULTURE The Agriculture Prize Committee for 1984/5 for his pioneering fundamental research on the mechanisms of biological nitrogen fixation and its application in crop production.
Ernest R. SearsAgriculture1986THE 1986 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN AGRICULTURE The Agriculture Prize Committee for 1986 for his fundamenta1 research in cytogenetics of wheat, providing the basis for genetic improvement of cereal grains
Theodor O. DienerAgriculture1987THE 1987 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN AGRICULTURE for his discovery and pioneering fundamental research on viroids and his applied work on viroid detection in crops.
Shang-Fa YangAgriculture1991THE 1991 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN AGRICULTURE The Wolf Prize Committee in Agriculture has unanimously decided that the Wolf Prize for 1991 for remarkable contributions to the understanding of the mechanism of biosynthesis, mode of action and applications of the plant hormone, Ethylene.
John E. CasidaAgriculture1993THE 1993 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN AGRICULTURE The Prize Committee for Agriculture has unanimously decided that the Prize for 1993 for pioneering studies on the mode of action of insecticides, design of safer pesticides and contributions to the understanding of nerve and muscle function in insects.
Carl B. HuffakerAgriculture1994THE 1994/5 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN AGRICULTURE The Prize Committee for Agriculture has unanimously decided that the Prize for 1994/5 for his contributions to the development and implementation of environmentally beneficial integrated pest management systems for the protection of agricultural crops.
Perry L. AdkissonAgriculture1994THE 1994/5 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN AGRICULTURE The Prize Committee for Agriculture has unanimously decided that the Prize for 1994/5 for his contributions to the development and implementation of environmentally beneficial integrated pest management systems for the protection of agricultural crops.
Frank J. StevensonAgriculture1995THE 1995/6 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN AGRICULTURE The Prize Committee for Agriculture has unanimously decided that the Prize for 1995/6 for his pioneering contributions to our understanding of the chemistry of soil organic matter and its application to agriculture.
NEAL L. FIRSTAgriculture1996THE 1996/7 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN AGRICULTURE The Prize Committee for Agriculture has unanimously decided that the Prize for 1996/7 for his pioneering research in the reproductive biology of livestock.
James E. WomackAgriculture2001THE 2001 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN AGRICULTURE The Prize Committee for Agriculture has unanimously decided that the Prize for 2001 for the use of recombinant DNA technology, to revolutionize plant (Beachy) and animal (Womack) sciences, paving the way for applications to neighboring fields.
Roger N. BeachyAgriculture2001THE 2001 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN AGRICULTURE for the use of recombinant DNA technology, to revolutionize plant and animal sciences, paving the way for applications to neighboring fields.
R. Michael RobertsAgriculture2002THE 2002/3 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN AGRICULTURE for discoveries of Interferon-t and other pregnancy-associated proteins, which clarified the biological mystery of signaling between embryo and mother to maintain pregnancy, with profound effects on the efficiency of animal production systems, as well as human health and well-being.
Fuller W. BazerAgriculture2002THE 2002/3 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN AGRICULTURE for discoveries of Interferon-t and other pregnancy-associated proteins, which clarified the biological mystery of signaling between embryo and mother to maintain pregnancy, with profound effects on the efficiency of animal production systems, as well as human health and well-being.
Ronald L. PhillipsAgriculture2006THE 2006/7 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN AGRICULTURE The Prize Committee for Agriculture has unanimously decided that the 2006/7 Wolf Prize for groundbreaking discoveries in genetics and genomics, laying the foundations for improvements in crop and livestock breeding, and sparking important advances in plant and animal sciences.
James H. TumlinsonAgriculture2008The 2008 wolf foundation prize in agriculture for his remarkable discoveries of mechanisms governing plant-insect and plant-plant interactions. his scientific contributions on chemical ecology have fostered the development of integrated pest management and significantly advanced agricultural sustainability.
W. Joe LewisAgriculture2008The 2008 wolf foundation prize in agriculture for his remarkable discoveries of mechanisms governing plant-insect and plant-plant interactions. his scientific contributions on chemical ecology have fostered the development of integrated pest management and significantly advanced agricultural sustainability.
Harris A. LewinAgriculture2011The Prize Commitee for Agriculture has unanimously decided that the 2011 Wolf Prize in Agriculture For highly significant discoveries, that contribute to both fundamental and practical aspects of animal agriculture. Through studies on genetics and genomic studies in cattle. Prof. Lewin has greatly expanded our understanding of immunogenetics and disease resistance. Lewin has led efforts to establish research and programs that ensure training of the next generation of animal scientists.
James R. CookAgriculture2011The Prize Commitee for Agriculture has unanimously decided that the 2011 Wolf Prize in Agriculture For seminal discoveries in plant pathology and soil microbiology that impact crop productivity and disease management. Through an understanding of the factors that impact the ecology of pathogenic and non-pathogenic microbes. Prof. Cook's work has improved disease control in wheat and barley and altered paradigms of plant disease control in other crops
Prof. Jared M. DiamondAgriculture2013From UCLA, USA: for pioneering theories of crop domestication, the rise of agriculture and its influences on the development and demise of human societies, as well as its impact on the ecology of the environment.
Prof. Joachim MessingAgriculture2013From Rutgers, USA: for innovations in recombinant DNA cloning that revolutionized agriculture and deciphering the genetic codes of crop plants.
Prof. Jorge DubcovskyAgriculture2014From University of California Davis, USA For providing groundbreaking contributions to plant and animal sciences, respectively, by using modern technologies of genomic research.
Prof. Linda J. SaifAgriculture2015For advancing animal and human health through research in virology and immunology
Isaac SternMusic1987THE 1987 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN ARTS (MUSIC) for his everlasting humanistic contribution to society as an artist and educator, which transcends the boundaries of musical performance.
Sir Yehudi MenuhinMusic1991THE 1991 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN ARTS (MUSIC) for One of the greatest violinists of the 20th. century, his unforgettable interpretations and humanitarian activities contributed significantly to bringing nations together through musical education.
Jessey NormanMusic2015Jessey Norman, Soprano For her extraordinary performances worldwide, her educational activities And her devotion for health related causes.
Murray PerahiaMusic2015Murray Perahia, Pianist For his thrilling and sincere interpretation of music and his influence On the new generation.
Jasper JohnsPainting1986THE 1986 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN ARTS (PAINTING) One of the leading and most influential figures of Pop Art in the world since its inception.
Claes T. OldenburgPainting1989THE 1989 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN ARTS (SCULPTURE) who, over some three decades, has invested prosaic objects with historic and mythical allusions. For all the simplicity of their subject matter, they are statements about metamorphosis and invite the observer to reflect upon life´s processes.
James TurrellPainting1998THE 1998 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN ARTS (SCULPTURE) for His highly individualistic imagery is a spiritualized synthesis of form and light in seemingly infinite space.
Louise BourgeoisPainting2003THE 2002/3 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN THE ARTS for an oeuvre, that for six decades and encompassing a remarkable range of media, has sustained aesthetic and formal innovation, intellectual complexity and contemporary relevance.
Frank O. GehryArchitecture1992THE 1992 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN ARTS (ARCHITECTURE) Creating architecture as art and sculpture, he embodies the fight for liberation destroying dogma, principle and method.
Peter EisenmanArchitecture2010Wolf Foundation Prize in the Arts (Architecture) for Innovative architect and educator, for advancing the discipline of architecture through both theoretical texts and exceptional buildings of profound consequence.