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Bhutan: People & Society#

Population733,643 (July 2014 est.)
note: the Factbook population estimate is consistent with the first modern census of Bhutan, conducted in 2005; previous Factbook population estimates for this country, which were on the order of three times the total population reported here, were based on Bhutanese government publications that did not include the census
Population growth rate1.13% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 27.3% (male 102,196/female 97,923)
15-24 years: 20.1% (male 75,327/female 72,472)
25-54 years: 40.8% (male 159,868/female 139,236)
55-64 years: 6% (male 22,769/female 19,699)
65 years and over: 5.9% (male 23,153/female 21,000) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.15 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.09 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.11 male(s)/female
total population: 1.1 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate18.12 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate6.78 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsNgalop (also known as Bhote) 50%, ethnic Nepalese 35% (includes Lhotsampas - one of several Nepalese ethnic groups), indigenous or migrant tribes 15%
Infant mortality ratetotal: 37.89 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 38.34 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 37.42 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesSharchhopka 28%, Dzongkha (official) 24%, Lhotshamkha 22%, other 26% (includes foreign languages) (2005 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 68.98 years
male: 68.06 years
female: 69.95 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 52.8%
male: 65%
female: 38.7% (2005 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Bhutanese (singular and plural)
adjective: Bhutanese
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsLamaistic Buddhist 75.3%, Indian- and Nepalese-influenced Hinduism 22.1%, other 2.6% (2005 est.)
Total fertility rate2.02 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.2% (2012)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS1,100 (2012)
HIV/AIDS - deaths100 (2012)
Median agetotal: 26.2 years
male: 26.8 years
female: 25.6 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2012)
Education expenditures4.7% of GDP (2011)
Urbanizationurban population: 35.6% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 3.65% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 99.7% of population
rural: 95.8% of population
total: 97.2% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.3% of population
rural: 4.2% of population
total: 2.8% of population (2011 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 73.9% of population
rural: 29.3% of population
total: 45.2% of population
unimproved: urban: 26.1% of population
rural: 70.7% of population
total: 54.8% of population (2011 est.)
Major urban areas - populationTHIMPHU (capital) 99,000 (2011)
Maternal mortality rate180 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight12.8% (2010)
Health expenditures4.1% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.07 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Hospital bed density1.8 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate5.3% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 7.2%
male: 7.3%
female: 7.2% (2012)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 25,801
percentage: 18 % (2010 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate65.6% (2010)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 48.9 %
youth dependency ratio: 41.8 %
elderly dependency ratio: 7.1 %
potential support ratio: 14 (2013)