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Bhutan: People & Society#

Population750,125 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Bhutanese (singular and plural)
adjective: Bhutanese
Ethnic groupsNgalop (also known as Bhote) 50%, ethnic Nepalese 35% (includes Lhotsampas - one of several Nepalese ethnic groups), indigenous or migrant tribes 15%
LanguagesSharchhopka 28%, Dzongkha (official) 24%, Lhotshamkha 22%, other 26% (includes foreign languages) (2005 est.)
ReligionsLamaistic Buddhist 75.3%, Indian- and Nepalese-influenced Hinduism 22.1%, other 2.6% (2005 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 26.27% (male 100,672/female 96,368)
15-24 years: 19.21% (male 73,398/female 70,704)
25-54 years: 42.39% (male 169,079/female 148,873)
55-64 years: 5.94% (male 23,869/female 20,656)
65 years and over: 6.2% (male 24,301/female 22,205) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 46.9%
youth dependency ratio: 39.5%
elderly dependency ratio: 7.4%
potential support ratio: 13.4% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 27.2 years
male: 27.7 years
female: 26.6 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate1.09% (2016 est.)
Birth rate17.5 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate6.6 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 38.6% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 3.69% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationTHIMPHU (capital) 152,000 (2014)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.14 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.16 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.1 male(s)/female
total population: 1.09 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Maternal mortality rate148 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 33.9 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 34.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 33.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 70.1 years
male: 69.1 years
female: 71.1 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.93 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate65.6% (2010)
Health expenditures3.6% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.26 physicians/1,000 population (2012)
Hospital bed density1.8 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 77.9% of population
rural: 33.1% of population
total: 50.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 22.1% of population
rural: 66.9% of population
total: 49.6% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.13% (2013 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS600 (2013 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever (2016)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate5.9% (2014)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight12.8% (2010)
Education expenditures7.4% of GDP (2015)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 64.9%
male: 73.1%
female: 55% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 12 years
female: 13 years (2013)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 25,801
percentage: 18% (2010 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 9.6%
male: 9.2%
female: 9.9% (2013 est.)