unbekannter Gast

Albania: People & Society#

Population3,020,209 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate0.3% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 19.3% (male 307,275/female 274,634)
15-24 years: 19.2% (male 297,851/female 282,498)
25-54 years: 40% (male 574,820/female 633,729)
55-64 years: 10.5% (male 157,014/female 158,602)
65 years and over: 11.1% (male 157,143/female 176,643) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.11 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.12 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate12.73 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate6.47 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsAlbanian 82.6%, Greek 0.9%, other 1% (including Vlach, Roma (Gypsy), Macedonian, Montenegrin, and Egyptian), unspecified 15.5% (2011 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 13.19 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 14.68 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 11.54 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesAlbanian 98.8% (official - derived from Tosk dialect), Greek 0.5%, other 0.6% (including Macedonian, Roma, Vlach, Turkish, Italian, and Serbo-Croatian), unspecified 0.1% (2011 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 77.96 years
male: 75.33 years
female: 80.86 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 9 and over can read and write
total population: 96.8%
male: 98%
female: 95.7% (2011 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Albanian(s)
adjective: Albanian
Net migration rate-3.31 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsMuslim 56.7%, Roman Catholic 10%, Orthodox 6.8%, atheist 2.5%, Bektashi (a Sufi order) 2.1%, other 5.7%, unspecified 16.2%
note: all mosques and churches were closed in 1967 and religious observances prohibited; in November 1990, Albania began allowing private religious practice (2011 est.)
Total fertility rate1.5 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Median agetotal: 31.6 years
male: 30.3 years
female: 32.9 years (2014 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 10 years
male: 10 years
female: 10 years (2001)
Education expenditures3.3% of GDP (2007)
Urbanizationurban population: 53.4% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.27% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 97.3% of population
rural: 93.8% of population
total: 95.7% of population
unimproved: urban: 2.7% of population
rural: 6.2% of population
total: 4.3% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 95.3% of population
rural: 86.3% of population
total: 91.2% of population
unimproved: urban: 4.7% of population
rural: 13.7% of population
total: 8.8% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationTIRANA (capital) 419,000 (2011)
Maternal mortality rate27 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight6.3% (2009)
Health expenditures6.3% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density1.11 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
Hospital bed density2.4 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate21.3% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 22.5%
male: 23.8%
female: 20.7% (2011)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 72,818
percentage: 12 % (2005 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth23.4 (2010 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate69.3% (2008/09)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 44.9 %
youth dependency ratio: 29 %
elderly dependency ratio: 15.9 %
potential support ratio: 6.3 (2014 est.)