unbekannter Gast

Albania: People & Society#

Population3,038,594 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Albanian(s)
adjective: Albanian
Ethnic groupsAlbanian 82.6%, Greek 0.9%, other 1% (including Vlach, Roma (Gypsy), Macedonian, Montenegrin, and Egyptian), unspecified 15.5% (2011 est.)
LanguagesAlbanian 98.8% (official - derived from Tosk dialect), Greek 0.5%, other 0.6% (including Macedonian, Roma, Vlach, Turkish, Italian, and Serbo-Croatian), unspecified 0.1% (2011 est.)
ReligionsMuslim 56.7%, Roman Catholic 10%, Orthodox 6.8%, atheist 2.5%, Bektashi (a Sufi order) 2.1%, other 5.7%, unspecified 16.2%
note: all mosques and churches were closed in 1967 and religious observances prohibited; in November 1990, Albania began allowing private religious practice (2011 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 18.37% (male 295,022/female 263,141)
15-24 years: 18.09% (male 284,201/female 265,530)
25-54 years: 40.73% (male 589,707/female 648,021)
55-64 years: 11.23% (male 168,500/female 172,587)
65 years and over: 11.58% (male 165,076/female 186,809) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 44.8%
youth dependency ratio: 26.9%
elderly dependency ratio: 18%
potential support ratio: 5.6% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 32.5 years
male: 31.2 years
female: 33.8 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate0.31% (2016 est.)
Birth rate13.1 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate6.7 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-3.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributiona fairly even distribution, with somewhat higher concentrations of people in the western and central parts of the country
Urbanizationurban population: 57.4% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 2.21% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationTIRANA (capital) 454,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.1 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.12 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth25 (2010 est.)
Maternal mortality rate29 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 12.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 13.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 10.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 78.3 years
male: 75.7 years
female: 81.2 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.51 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate69.3% (2008/09)
Health expenditures5.9% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density1.15 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
Hospital bed density2.6 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 84.3% of population
rural: 81.8% of population
total: 83.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 15.7% of population
rural: 18.2% of population
total: 16.4% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 95.5% of population
rural: 90.2% of population
total: 93.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 4.5% of population
rural: 9.8% of population
total: 6.8% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.04% (2013 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Obesity - adult prevalence rate18.1% (2014)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight6.3% (2009)
Education expenditures3.5% of GDP (2013)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.6%
male: 98.4%
female: 96.9% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 16 years (2014)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 72,818
percentage: 12% (2005 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 30.2%
male: 32.5%
female: 26.1% (2013 est.)