unbekannter Gast

Belarus: People & Society#

Population9,608,058 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate-0.19% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 15.4% (male 759,285/female 717,118)
15-24 years: 11.7% (male 575,907/female 544,170)
25-54 years: 45.5% (male 2,141,419/female 2,227,433)
55-64 years: 13.3% (male 562,639/female 716,216)
65 years and over: 14.2% (male 430,225/female 933,646) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.87 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.46 male(s)/female
total population: 0.87 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate10.86 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate13.51 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsBelarusian 83.7%, Russian 8.3%, Polish 3.1%, Ukrainian 1.7%, other 2.4%, unspecified 0.9% (2009 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 3.64 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 4.07 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.19 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesBelarusian (official) 23.4%, Russian (official) 70.2%, other 3.1% (includes small Polish- and Ukrainian-speaking minorities), unspecified 3.3% (2009 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 72.15 years
male: 66.53 years
female: 78.1 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.6%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.5% (2009 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Belarusian(s)
adjective: Belarusian
Net migration rate0.78 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsEastern Orthodox 80%, other (including Roman Catholic, Protestant, Jewish, and Muslim) 20% (1997 est.)
Total fertility rate1.47 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.4% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS23,200 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths1,200 (2012 est.)
Median agetotal: 39.4 years
male: 36.3 years
female: 42.4 years (2014 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 16 years
male: 15 years
female: 16 years (2012)
Education expenditures5.1% of GDP (2012)
Urbanizationurban population: 75% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 0.21% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 99.8% of population
rural: 99% of population
total: 99.6% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.2% of population
rural: 1% of population
total: 0.4% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 94% of population
rural: 95.3% of population
total: 94.3% of population
unimproved: urban: 6% of population
rural: 4.7% of population
total: 5.7% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationMINSK (capital) 1.861 million (2011)
Maternal mortality rate4 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight1.3% (2005)
Health expenditures5.3% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density3.76 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
Hospital bed density11.1 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate24.3% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 12.6%
male: 12.4%
female: 12.6% (2009)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 54,218
percentage: 5 % (2005 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth25.1 (2011 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate72.6% (2005)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 41.5 %
youth dependency ratio: 22 %
elderly dependency ratio: 19.6 %
potential support ratio: 5.1 (2014 est.)