unbekannter Gast

Belarus: People & Society#

Population9,570,376 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Belarusian(s)
adjective: Belarusian
Ethnic groupsBelarusian 83.7%, Russian 8.3%, Polish 3.1%, Ukrainian 1.7%, other 2.4%, unspecified 0.9% (2009 est.)
LanguagesRussian (official) 70.2%, Belarusian (official) 23.4%, other 3.1% (includes small Polish- and Ukrainian-speaking minorities), unspecified 3.3% (2009 est.)
ReligionsOrthodox 48.3%, Catholic 7.1%, other 3.5%, non-believers 41.1% (2011 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 15.65% (male 770,014/female 727,338)
15-24 years: 10.68% (male 525,704/female 496,414)
25-54 years: 45.04% (male 2,118,447/female 2,191,694)
55-64 years: 13.95% (male 589,288/female 745,815)
65 years and over: 14.69% (male 448,135/female 957,527) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 43%
youth dependency ratio: 23%
elderly dependency ratio: 20%
potential support ratio: 5% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 39.8 years
male: 36.8 years
female: 42.9 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate-0.21% (2016 est.)
Birth rate10.5 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate13.3 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate0.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributiona fairly even distribution throughout most of the country, with urban areas attracting larger and denser populations
Urbanizationurban population: 76.7% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 0.05% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationMINSK (capital) 1.915 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.79 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.46 male(s)/female
total population: 0.87 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth25.4 (2013 est.)
Maternal mortality rate4 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 3.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 72.7 years
male: 67.2 years
female: 78.6 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.48 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate63.1% (2012)
Health expenditures5.7% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density3.93 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
Hospital bed density11.3 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 99.9% of population
rural: 99.1% of population
total: 99.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.1% of population
rural: 0.9% of population
total: 0.3% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 94.1% of population
rural: 95.2% of population
total: 94.3% of population
unimproved:
urban: 5.9% of population
rural: 4.8% of population
total: 5.7% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.64% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS35,200 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths1,000 (2015 est.)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate25.2% (2014)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight1.3% (2005)
Education expenditures4.9% of GDP (2015)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.7%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.7% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 16 years
male: 15 years
female: 16 years (2014)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 54,218
percentage: 5% (2005 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 12.5%
male: 12.4%
female: 12.6% (2009 est.)