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Bosnia and Herzegovina: Geography#

LocationSoutheastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Croatia
Geographic Coordinates44 00 N, 18 00 E 44.0,18.0
Area total: 51,197 sq km
land: 51,187 sq km
water: 10 sq km
[Verified in 8 databases]
Land boundariestotal: 1,543 km
border countries: Croatia 956 km, Montenegro 242 km, Serbia 345 km
Coastline20 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
highest point: Maglic 2,386 m
Highest MountainsDue to difference in mountain rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Maglic 2387 m; Zelena Glava 2155 m; Vranica 2110 m; Lupoglav 2102 m; Bjelasnica 2067 m
According to Geonames: Badanj 2243 m; Plocno 2225 m; Veliki Vilinac 2113 m; Lica 2111 m; Locika 2104 m

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Mountains
Terrainmountains and valleys
Natural Hazardsdestructive earthquakes
Natural Resourcecoal, iron ore, bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, cobalt, manganese, nickel, clay, gypsum, salt, sand, timber, hydropower
Land Usearable land: 19.63%
permanent crops: 1.99%
other: 78.38% (2011)
Climatehot summers and cold winters; areas of high elevation have short, cool summers and long, severe winters; mild, rainy winters along coast
Irrigated Land30 sq km (2003)
Renewable Water Resources37.5 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuesair pollution from metallurgical plants; sites for disposing of urban waste are limited; water shortages and destruction of infrastructure because of the 1992-95 civil strife; deforestation
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Large CitiesDue to difference in city rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Sarajevo; Zenica; Banja Luka; Tuzla; Mostar
According to Geonames: Sarajevo; Banja Luka; Zenica; Tuzla; Mostar

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Cities
Geography-notewithin Bosnia and Herzegovina's recognized borders, the country is divided into a joint Bosniak/Croat Federation (about 51% of the territory) and the Bosnian Serb-led Republika Srpska or RS (about 49% of the territory); the region called Herzegovina is contiguous to Croatia and Montenegro, and traditionally has been settled by an ethnic Croat majority in the west and an ethnic Serb majority in the east
Important Lakes