unbekannter Gast

Latvia: People & Society#

Population2,165,165 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate-0.62% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 14.2% (male 156,851/female 150,074)
15-24 years: 11% (male 121,435/female 116,602)
25-54 years: 44.8% (male 481,336/female 487,991)
55-64 years: 12.8% (male 122,544/female 155,114)
65 years and over: 17.1% (male 121,668/female 251,550) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.86 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.48 male(s)/female
total population: 0.86 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate9.79 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate13.6 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsLatvian 61.1%, Russian 26.2%, Belarusian 3.5%, Ukrainian 2.3%, Polish 2.2%, Lithuanian 1.3%, other 3.4% (2013 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 7.91 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 9.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 6.13 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesLatvian (official) 56.3%, Russian 33.8%, other 0.6% (includes Polish, Ukrainian, and Belarusian), unspecified 9.4% (2011 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 73.44 years
male: 68.41 years
female: 78.75 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.8% (2011 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Latvian(s)
adjective: Latvian
Net migration rate-2.37 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsLutheran 19.6%, Orthodox 15.3%, other Christian 1%, other 0.4%, unspecified 63.7% (2006)
Total fertility rate1.35 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.7% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS8,600 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 1,000 (2009 est.)
Median agetotal: 41.4 years
male: 38.4 years
female: 44.3 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
vectorborne diseases: tickborne encephalitis (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 16 years
male: 15 years
female: 16 years (2011)
Education expenditures5% of GDP (2010)
Urbanizationurban population: 67.7% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: -0.38% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 99.6% of population
rural: 95.8% of population
total: 98.4% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.4% of population
rural: 4.2% of population
total: 1.6% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 82.1% of population
rural: 71.1% of population
total: 78.6% of population
unimproved: urban: 17.9% of population
rural: 28.9% of population
total: 21.4% of population (2009 est.)
Major urban areas - populationRIGA (capital) 701,000 (2011)
Maternal mortality rate34 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Health expenditures6.7% of GDP (2010)
Physicians density2.9 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density5.3 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate24.9% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 28.4%
male: 27.6%
female: 29.3% (2012)
Mother's mean age at first birth26.4 (2011 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate67.8%
note: percent of women aged 18-49 (1995)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 51 %
youth dependency ratio: 22.9 %
elderly dependency ratio: 28.1 %
potential support ratio: 3.6 (2014 est.)