unbekannter Gast

Latvia: People & Society#

Population1,965,686 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Latvian(s)
adjective: Latvian
Ethnic groupsLatvian 61.1%, Russian 26.2%, Belarusian 3.5%, Ukrainian 2.3%, Polish 2.2%, Lithuanian 1.3%, other 3.4% (2013 est.)
LanguagesLatvian (official) 56.3%, Russian 33.8%, other 0.6% (includes Polish, Ukrainian, and Belarusian), unspecified 9.4%
note: represents lanugage usually spoken at home (2011 est.)
ReligionsLutheran 19.6%, Orthodox 15.3%, other Christian 1%, other 0.4%, unspecified 63.7% (2006)
Age structure0-14 years: 15.01% (male 151,290/female 143,710)
15-24 years: 9.9% (male 100,416/female 94,244)
25-54 years: 42.07% (male 409,921/female 417,074)
55-64 years: 13.77% (male 119,844/female 150,860)
65 years and over: 19.25% (male 123,467/female 254,860) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 52.2%
youth dependency ratio: 22.7%
elderly dependency ratio: 29.5%
potential support ratio: 3.4% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 43.3 years
male: 39.5 years
female: 46.6 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate-1.07% (2016 est.)
Birth rate9.9 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate14.4 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-6.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributionlargest concentration of people is found in and around the port and capital city of Riga; small agglomerations are scattered throughout the country
Urbanizationurban population: 67.4% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: -0.67% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationRIGA (capital) 621,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.79 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.48 male(s)/female
total population: 0.85 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth26.9 (2013 est.)
Maternal mortality rate18 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 5.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 5.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 74.5 years
male: 69.9 years
female: 79.3 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.51 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Health expenditures5.9% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density3.58 physicians/1,000 population (2012)
Hospital bed density5.9 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 99.8% of population
rural: 98.3% of population
total: 99.3% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.2% of population
rural: 1.7% of population
total: 0.7% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 90.8% of population
rural: 81.5% of population
total: 87.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 9.2% of population
rural: 18.5% of population
total: 12.2% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.67% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS6,800 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths400 (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
vectorborne diseases: tickborne encephalitis (2016)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate25.6% (2014)
Education expenditures4.9% of GDP (2013)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.9%
male: 99.9%
female: 99.9% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 17 years (2014)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 19.6%
male: 19.4%
female: 20% (2014 est.)