unbekannter Gast

Macedonia: People & Society#

Population2,091,719 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate0.21% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 17.7% (male 191,682/female 178,510)
15-24 years: 14.1% (male 151,901/female 142,679)
25-54 years: 43.8% (male 464,392/female 451,038)
55-64 years: 12.1% (male 123,272/female 129,081)
65 years and over: 12.1% (male 111,090/female 148,074) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.08 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate11.64 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate9.04 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsMacedonian 64.2%, Albanian 25.2%, Turkish 3.9%, Roma (Gypsy) 2.7%, Serb 1.8%, other 2.2% (2002 census)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 7.9 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 8.16 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 7.63 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesMacedonian (official) 66.5%, Albanian (official) 25.1%, Turkish 3.5%, Roma 1.9%, Serbian 1.2%, other 1.8% (2002 census)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 75.8 years
male: 73.23 years
female: 78.56 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.4%
male: 98.7%
female: 96% (2011 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Macedonian(s)
adjective: Macedonian
Net migration rate-0.48 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsMacedonian Orthodox 64.7%, Muslim 33.3%, other Christian 0.37%, other and unspecified 1.63% (2002 census)
Total fertility rate1.59 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateless than 0.1% (2007 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSfewer than 200 (2007 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 100 (2003 est.)
Median agetotal: 36.8 years
male: 35.7 years
female: 37.9 years (2014 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2010)
Urbanizationurban population: 59.3% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 0.33% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 99.8% of population
rural: 98.8% of population
total: 99.4% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.2% of population
rural: 1.2% of population
total: 0.6% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 97.2% of population
rural: 82.8% of population
total: 91.4% of population
unimproved: urban: 2.8% of population
rural: 17.2% of population
total: 8.6% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationSKOPJE (capital) 499,000 (2011)
Maternal mortality rate10 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight1.8% (2005)
Health expenditures6.6% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density2.62 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density4.6 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate21.1% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 53.9%
male: 55.2%
female: 51.7% (2012)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 16,782
percentage: 6 % (2005 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth26.2 (2011 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 41.2 %
youth dependency ratio: 23.4 %
elderly dependency ratio: 17.8 %
potential support ratio: 5.6 (2014 est.)