unbekannter Gast

Macedonia: People & Society#

Population2,100,025 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Macedonian(s)
adjective: Macedonian
Ethnic groupsMacedonian 64.2%, Albanian 25.2%, Turkish 3.9%, Roma (Gypsy) 2.7%, Serb 1.8%, other 2.2% (2002 est.)
LanguagesMacedonian (official) 66.5%, Albanian (official) 25.1%, Turkish 3.5%, Roma 1.9%, Serbian 1.2%, other 1.8% (2002 est.)
ReligionsMacedonian Orthodox 64.8%, Muslim 33.3%, other Christian 0.4%, other and unspecified 1.5% (2002 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 17.27% (male 187,752/female 174,935)
15-24 years: 13.69% (male 148,340/female 139,195)
25-54 years: 43.65% (male 465,622/female 451,028)
55-64 years: 12.3% (male 126,548/female 131,749)
65 years and over: 13.09% (male 117,787/female 157,069) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 41.4%
youth dependency ratio: 24%
elderly dependency ratio: 17.4%
potential support ratio: 5.7% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 37.5 years
male: 36.4 years
female: 38.6 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate0.18% (2016 est.)
Birth rate11.5 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate9.1 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-0.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributiona fairly even distribution throughout most of the country, with urban areas attracting larger and denser populations
Urbanizationurban population: 57.1% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 0.11% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationSKOPJE (capital) 503,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.08 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth26.6 (2013 est.)
Maternal mortality rate8 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 7.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 7.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 7.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 76.2 years
male: 73.6 years
female: 79 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.6 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate40.2% (2011)
Health expenditures6.5% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density2.62 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density4.5 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 99.8% of population
rural: 98.9% of population
total: 99.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.2% of population
rural: 1.1% of population
total: 0.6% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 97.2% of population
rural: 82.6% of population
total: 90.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2.8% of population
rural: 17.4% of population
total: 9.1% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.01% (2013 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS200 (2013 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 100 (2013 est.)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate20.8% (2014)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight1.3% (2011)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.8%
male: 98.8%
female: 96.8% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2012)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 16,782
percentage: 6% (2005 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 53.1%
male: 52%
female: 55% (2014 est.)