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Malta: People & Society#

Population412,655 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate0.33% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 15.1% (male 32,021/female 30,432)
15-24 years: 12.6% (male 26,680/female 25,201)
25-54 years: 40.4% (male 85,109/female 81,577)
55-64 years: 14% (male 28,751/female 29,113)
65 years and over: 17.2% (male 32,903/female 40,868) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate10.24 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate8.96 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsMaltese (descendants of ancient Carthaginians and Phoenicians with strong elements of Italian and other Mediterranean stock)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 3.59 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.16 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesMaltese (official) 90.1%, English (official) 6%, multilingual 3%, other 0.9% (2005 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 80.11 years
male: 77.8 years
female: 82.56 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 92.4%
male: 91.2%
female: 93.5% (2005 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Maltese (singular and plural)
adjective: Maltese
Net migration rate1.99 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsRoman Catholic (official) more than 90% (2011 est.)
Total fertility rate1.54 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.1% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSfewer than 500 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 100 (2009 est.)
Median agetotal: 40.9 years
male: 39.7 years
female: 42.1 years (2014 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 15 years
male: 14 years
female: 15 years (2011)
Education expenditures6.9% of GDP (2010)
Urbanizationurban population: 94.8% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 0.47% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationVALLETTA (capital) 198,000 (2011)
Maternal mortality rate8 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Health expenditures8.5% of GDP (2010)
Physicians density3.23 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
Hospital bed density4.4 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate28.8% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 14.2%
male: 14%
female: 14.5% (2012)
Mother's mean age at first birth26.9
note: data refer to the average of the different childbearing ages of first-order births (2010 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 45.7 %
youth dependency ratio: 20.9 %
elderly dependency ratio: 24.8 %
potential support ratio: 4 (2014 est.)