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Malta: People & Society#

Population415,196 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Maltese (singular and plural)
adjective: Maltese
Ethnic groupsMaltese (descendants of ancient Carthaginians and Phoenicians with strong elements of Italian and other Mediterranean stock)
LanguagesMaltese (official) 90.1%, English (official) 6%, multilingual 3%, other 0.9% (2005 est.)
ReligionsRoman Catholic (official) more than 90% (2011 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 15.01% (male 31,978/female 30,361)
15-24 years: 11.84% (male 25,276/female 23,890)
25-54 years: 40.1% (male 85,151/female 81,346)
55-64 years: 13.98% (male 28,797/female 29,251)
65 years and over: 19.06% (male 35,614/female 43,532) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 50.8%
youth dependency ratio: 21.8%
elderly dependency ratio: 29%
potential support ratio: 3.4% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 41.5 years
male: 40.4 years
female: 42.7 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate0.29% (2016 est.)
Birth rate10.1 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate9.2 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributionmost of the population lives on the eastern half of Malta, the largest of the three inhabited islands
Urbanizationurban population: 95.4% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 0.46% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationVALLETTA (capital) 197,000 (2014)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth26.9
note: data refer to the average of the different childbearing ages of first-order births (2010 est.)
Maternal mortality rate9 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 3.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 80.4 years
male: 78 years
female: 82.8 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.55 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Health expenditures9.7% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density3.49 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
Hospital bed density4.8 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Obesity - adult prevalence rate28.7% (2014)
Education expenditures8.3% of GDP (2013)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 94.4%
male: 93.1%
female: 95.8% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 14 years (2014)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 11.8%
male: 13.8%
female: 9.6% (2014 est.)