unbekannter Gast

Romania: People & Society#

Population21,729,871 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate-0.29% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 14.6% (male 1,628,220/female 1,541,914)
15-24 years: 11.3% (male 1,258,746/female 1,197,681)
25-54 years: 45.7% (male 5,021,370/female 4,916,576)
55-64 years: 13% (male 1,320,781/female 1,508,878)
65 years and over: 15.1% (male 1,346,864/female 1,988,841) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.68 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate9.27 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate11.88 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsRomanian 83.4%, Hungarian 6.1%, Roma 3.1%, Ukrainian 0.3%, German 0.2%, other 0.7%, unspecified 6.1% (2011 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 10.16 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 11.52 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 8.72 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesRomanian (official) 85.4%, Hungarian 6.3%, Romany (Gypsy) 1.2%, other 1%, unspecified 6.1% (2011 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 74.69 years
male: 71.23 years
female: 78.36 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.7%
male: 98.3%
female: 97.1% (2011 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Romanian(s)
adjective: Romanian
Net migration rate-0.24 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsEastern Orthodox (including all sub-denominations) 81.9%, Protestant (various denominations including Reformed and Pentecostal) 6.4%, Roman Catholic 4.3%, other (includes Muslim) 0.9%, none or atheist 0.2%, unspecified 6.3% (2011 est.)
Total fertility rate1.32 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.1% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS16,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 1,000 (2009 est.)
Median agetotal: 39.8 years
male: 38.4 years
female: 41.4 years (2014 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 15 years (2011)
Education expenditures4.2% of GDP (2009)
Urbanizationurban population: 52.8% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: -0.18% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 98.5% of population
rural: 75.6% of population
total: 87.7% of population
unimproved: urban: 1.5% of population
rural: 24.4% of population
total: 12.3% of population (2008 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 87.9% of population
rural: 54.4% of population
total: 72.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 12.1% of population
rural: 45.6% of population
total: 27.9% of population (2008 est.)
Major urban areas - populationBUCHAREST (capital) 1.937 million (2011)
Maternal mortality rate27 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight3.5% (2002)
Health expenditures5.9% of GDP (2010)
Physicians density2.39 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density6.3 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate19.1% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 22.7%
male: 22.3%
female: 23.2% (2012)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 26,658
percentage: 1 % (2000 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth26 (2011 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate69.8%
note: percent of women aged 15-49 (2005)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 43.6 %
youth dependency ratio: 21.7 %
elderly dependency ratio: 21.9 %
potential support ratio: 4.6 (2014 est.)