unbekannter Gast

Romania: People & Society#

Population21,599,736 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Romanian(s)
adjective: Romanian
Ethnic groupsRomanian 83.4%, Hungarian 6.1%, Roma 3.1%, Ukrainian 0.3%, German 0.2%, other 0.7%, unspecified 6.1% (2011 est.)
LanguagesRomanian (official) 85.4%, Hungarian 6.3%, Romany (Gypsy) 1.2%, other 1%, unspecified 6.1% (2011 est.)
ReligionsEastern Orthodox (including all sub-denominations) 81.9%, Protestant (various denominations including Reformed and Pentecostal) 6.4%, Roman Catholic 4.3%, other (includes Muslim) 0.9%, none or atheist 0.2%, unspecified 6.3% (2011 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 14.4% (male 1,597,470/female 1,512,701)
15-24 years: 10.76% (male 1,192,310/female 1,131,655)
25-54 years: 45.97% (male 5,023,060/female 4,905,559)
55-64 years: 12.8% (male 1,293,423/female 1,471,480)
65 years and over: 16.07% (male 1,403,211/female 2,068,867) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 48.9%
youth dependency ratio: 23.1%
elderly dependency ratio: 25.8%
potential support ratio: 3.9% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 40.7 years
male: 39.3 years
female: 42.1 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate-0.32% (2016 est.)
Birth rate9 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate11.9 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributionurbanization is not particularly high, and a fairly even population distribution can be found throughout most of the country, with urban areas attracting larger and denser populations; Hungarians, the country's largest minority, have a particularly strong presence in eastern Transylvania
Urbanizationurban population: 54.6% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 0.01% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationBUCHAREST (capital) 1.868 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.88 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.68 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth22 (2013 est.)
Maternal mortality rate31 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 9.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 11 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 8.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 75.1 years
male: 71.7 years
female: 78.8 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.34 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate69.8%
note: percent of women aged 18-49 (2005)
Health expenditures5.6% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density2.45 physicians/1,000 population (2012)
Hospital bed density6.1 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 92.2% of population
rural: 63.3% of population
total: 79.1% of population
unimproved:
urban: 7.8% of population
rural: 36.7% of population
total: 20.9% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.11% (2013 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS16,200 (2013 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths500 (2013 est.)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate23.4% (2014)
Education expenditures2.9% of GDP (2012)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.8%
male: 99.1%
female: 98.5% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 15 years
male: 14 years
female: 15 years (2012)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 24%
male: 23.6%
female: 24.7% (2014 est.)