Joseph Haydn: Baryton-Trio Hob.XI,51#
Joseph Haydn (1732 Rohrau/Lower Austria - 1809 Vienna) composed the
Trio for Baryton, Viola und Double bass (Hob. XI, 51) in 1767. The
illustration a) shows a Baryton, which was also known as a Viola di
bordone and was in reality a Gamba at the baritone level that was
common in the 17th to the 19th c. The instrument has 6 to 7 playing
strings and 7 to 24 resonance strings which can be plucked with the
thumb of the left hand because they are placed on the back of the neck.
Joseph Haydn is considered the most important composer for this
difficult instrument, which was in fashion in the 18th c and the
favorite instrument of Prince Nikolaus Joseph Esterhazy. (E. Stadler)
The illustrations b) and c) show the other two instruments
used in this trio: viola and double bass; both original instruments
from the 18th c.
© Sound: Christophe Coin, 40 rue de Lèchiquier, F-75010 Paris.
© Fig. a: Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien,
b: Steiermärkisches Landesmuseum Joanneum, Abt. für Kunstgewerbe (Foto: Helmut Schubert, Papiermühlgasse 28, A-8020 Graz),
c: Musikinstrumentensammlung des Stiftes Rein/Steiermark (Foto: Helmut Schubert, Papiermühlgasse 28, A-8020 Graz).