unbekannter Gast

Viennese Classic#

Joseph Haydn: Baryton-Trio Hob.XI,51#

Baryton
Baryton
© Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien

Viola
Viola
© Steiermärkisches Landesmuseum Joanneum, Abt. für Kunstgewerbe (Foto: Helmut Schubert, Papiermühlgasse 28, A-8020 Graz)

Double bass
Double bass
© Musikinstrumentensammlung des Stiftes Rein/Steiermark (Foto: Helmut Schubert, Graz)

Joseph Haydn (1732 Rohrau/Lower Austria - 1809 Vienna) composed the Trio for Baryton, Viola und Double bass (Hob. XI, 51) in 1767. The first illustration shows a Baryton, which was also known as a Viola di bordone and was in reality a Gamba at the baritone level that was common from the 17th to the 19th c. The instrument has 6 to 7 playing strings and 7 to 24 resonance strings which can be plucked with the thumb of the left hand because they are placed on the back of the neck. Joseph Haydn is considered the most important composer for this difficult instrument, which was in fashion in the 18th c and the favorite instrument of Prince Nikolaus Joseph Esterhazy. (E. Stadler)

The illustrations show the other two instruments used in this trio: viola and double bass; both original instruments from the 18th c.

Sound Clip#

Joseph Haydn: Baryton-Trio Hob.XI,51
© Christophe Coin, Paris (F)