unbekannter Gast

Tajikistan: People & Society#

Population8,051,512 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate1.75% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 33% (male 1,352,150/female 1,304,615)
15-24 years: 20.1% (male 819,936/female 796,211)
25-54 years: 38.9% (male 1,547,863/female 1,586,218)
55-64 years: 3.2% (male 178,161/female 210,616)
65 years and over: 3.2% (male 107,137/female 148,605) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.73 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate24.99 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate6.28 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsTajik 79.9%, Uzbek 15.3%, Russian 1.1%, Kyrgyz 1.1%, other 2.6% (2000 census)
note: estimates of Uzbek proportion can range as high as 25% depending on how mixed Tajik-Uzbek families (largely in border areas) are counted
Infant mortality ratetotal: 35.03 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 39.42 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 30.42 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesTajik (official), Russian widely used in government and business
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 67.06 years
male: 63.96 years
female: 70.32 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.7%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.6% (2011 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Tajikistani(s)
adjective: Tajikistani
Net migration rate-1.17 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsSunni Muslim 85%, Shia Muslim 5%, other 10% (2003 est.)
Total fertility rate2.76 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.3% (2012)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS11,900 (2012)
HIV/AIDS - deaths500 (2012)
Median agetotal: 23.5 years
male: 23 years
female: 24 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 11 years
male: 12 years
female: 10 years (2011)
Education expenditures3.9% of GDP (2011)
Urbanizationurban population: 26.5% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 1.66% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 91.8% of population
rural: 56.5% of population
total: 65.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 8.2% of population
rural: 43.5% of population
total: 34.1% of population (2011 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 95.4% of population
rural: 94.4% of population
total: 94.7% of population
unimproved: urban: 4.6% of population
rural: 5.6% of population
total: 5.3% of population (2011 est.)
Major urban areas - populationDUSHANBE (capital) 704,000 (2009)
Maternal mortality rate65 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight15% (2007)
Health expenditures5.8% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density1.9 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
Hospital bed density5.5 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate8.6% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 16.7%
male: 19.2%
female: 13.7% (2009)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 164,432
percentage: 10 % (2005 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth22.8
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2012 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate27.9% (2012)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 64.1 %
youth dependency ratio: 58.9 %
elderly dependency ratio: 5.2 %
potential support ratio: 19.1 (2013)