unbekannter Gast

Tajikistan: People & Society#

Population8,330,946 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Tajikistani(s)
adjective: Tajikistani
Ethnic groupsTajik 84.3%, Uzbek 13.8% (includes Lakai, Kongrat, Katagan, Barlos, Yuz), other 2% (includes Kyrgyz, Russian, Turkmen, Tatar, Arab) (2010 est.)
LanguagesTajik (official), Russian widely used in government and business
note: different ethnic groups speak Uzbek, Kyrgyz, and Pashto
ReligionsSunni Muslim 85%, Shia Muslim 5%, other 10% (2003 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 32.56% (male 1,380,959/female 1,331,790)
15-24 years: 19.04% (male 804,625/female 781,469)
25-54 years: 39.79% (male 1,640,657/female 1,674,198)
55-64 years: 5.37% (male 205,541/female 241,770)
65 years and over: 3.24% (male 112,279/female 157,658) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 60.9%
youth dependency ratio: 56%
elderly dependency ratio: 4.8%
potential support ratio: 20.7% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 24.2 years
male: 23.6 years
female: 24.8 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate1.66% (2016 est.)
Birth rate23.8 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate6.1 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-1.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributionthe country's population is concentrated at lower elevations, with perhaps as much as 90% of the people living in valleys; overall density increases from east to west
Urbanizationurban population: 26.8% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 2.62% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationDUSHANBE (capital) 822,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.85 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth22.8
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2012 est.)
Maternal mortality rate32 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 32.8 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 37.1 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 28.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 67.7 years
male: 64.6 years
female: 71 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate2.67 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate27.9% (2012)
Health expenditures6.9% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density1.92 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
Hospital bed density5.5 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 93.1% of population
rural: 66.7% of population
total: 73.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 6.9% of population
rural: 33.3% of population
total: 26.2% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 93.8% of population
rural: 95.5% of population
total: 95% of population
unimproved:
urban: 6.2% of population
rural: 4.5% of population
total: 5% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.31% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS16,200 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths800 (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria (2016)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate12% (2014)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight13.3% (2012)
Education expenditures5.2% of GDP (2015)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.7% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 11 years
male: 12 years
female: 11 years (2013)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 164,432
percentage: 10% (2005 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 16.7%
male: 19.2%
female: 13.7% (2009 est.)