Bad Voeslau, Lower Austria, town in the town district of Baden, chartered 1954, alt. 276 m, pop. 11,055, area 38.76 km2, spa town on the Thermenlinie on the southern slopes of the Vienna Woods. Training and education centre of the Ministry of Defence for medical orderlies in Gainfarn, thermal bath (hot mineral spring with a low content of minerals carried in solution, 24° C), therapy centre, Assembly Room, spa park, Merkenstein research centre of the University of Veterinary Medicine, town museum, School of Forestry, School of Viticulture and Pomiculture, Institute of Apiculture (Gainfarn Palace); service industries main source of income, employing 61 % of all gainfully employed persons in 1991 (especially in trade, personal, social and public services), large printing house, table water bottling by the Heilquellen-Verwertungs-AG, tourism (45,849 overnight stays), viticulture (especially red wine, since the early 13th century), bathing activity increased in the second half of the 18th century, officially recognised as a spa in 1904, called "Bad" (i.e. spa) Voeslau since1928, parish church (erected 1860-1868 by F. Sitte); former palace, friezes altered by J. F. Hetzendorf v. Hohenberg after the year 1753 (documented in the 12th century, kept in the town hall since 1974), Gainfarn palace and parish church (18th century), Grossau Palace (12th century), fortress of Merkenstein (12th century), fell into disuse in 1683.
Literature#Oesterr. Staedtebuch, vol. IV, part 1, Die Staedte Niederoesterreichs, 1988.