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Eleonore Magdalena#

b. Duesseldorf (Germany), Jan. 6, 1655, d. Vienna, Jan. 19, 1720, third wife of Leopold I, mother of Joseph I and Karl VI. had a strong influence on politics and was regent from Joseph I's death in 1711 until the arrival of Karl VI from Spain. In 1688 she renewed the Order of the Starry Cross established by her mother-in-law (also Eleonore Magdalena, widow of Ferdinand III) in 1666.