Execution, use of governmental power to assert enforceable claims. Claims under private law can only be enforced by the courts (judicial execution), claims that are subject to public law can also be enforced by administrative (political, financial) authorities under certain circumstances (see: Section 1 VVG; Section 3 AbgEO). Judicial execution is carried out in the following forms: e.g. receivership and forced sale of real property, attachment and realisation of personal property or receivables. As a means of protecting the debtor, execution is limited (e.g. where a debtor's wages or salaries are attached, his/her subsistence minimum is protected from execution).
Literature#W. H. Rechberger and D.-A. Simotta, Exekutionsverfahren, 21992.