unbekannter Gast

Cabo Verde: Economy#

Cabo Verde’s economy is vulnerable to external shocks and depends on development aid, foreign investment, remittances, and tourism. The economy is service-oriented with commerce, transport, tourism, and public services accounting for about three-fourths of GDP. Tourism is the mainstay of the economy and depends on conditions in the euro-zone countries. Cabo Verde annually runs a high trade deficit financed by foreign aid and remittances from its large pool of emigrants; remittances as a share of GDP are one of the highest in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Although about 40% of the population lives in rural areas, the share of food production in GDP is low. The island economy suffers from a poor natural resource base, including serious water shortages, exacerbated by cycles of long-term drought, and poor soil for growing food on several of the islands, requiring it to import most of what it consumes. The fishing potential, mostly lobster and tuna, is not fully exploited.

Economic reforms are aimed at developing the private sector and attracting foreign investment to diversify the economy and mitigate high unemployment. The government’s elevated debt levels have limited its capacity to finance any shortfalls.

Economic Facts#

GDP (purchasing power parity)$3.583 billion (2016 est.)
$3.457 billion (2015 est.)
$3.408 billion (2014 est.)
note: data are in 2016 dollars
GDP (official exchange rate)$1.684 billion (2015 est.)
GDP - real growth rate3.6% (2016 est.)
1.5% (2015 est.)
1.9% (2014 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP)$6,700 (2016 est.)
$6,600 (2015 est.)
$6,600 (2014 est.)
note: data are in 2016 dollars
Gross national saving33.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
36.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
28% of GDP (2014 est.)
GDP - composition, by end usehousehold consumption: 53.5%
government consumption: 15.2%
investment in fixed capital: 33.2%
investment in inventories: 0.8%
exports of goods and services: 32.9%
imports of goods and services: -35.6% (2016 est.)
GDP - composition, by sector of originagriculture: 7.4%
industry: 16.4%
services: 76.2% (2016 est.)
Agriculture - productsbananas, corn, beans, sweet potatoes, sugarcane, coffee, peanuts; fish
Industriesfood and beverages, fish processing, shoes and garments, salt mining, ship repair
Industrial production growth rate1.9% (2016 est.)
Labor force196,100 (2007 est.)
Unemployment rate12% (2014 est.)
16.4% (2013 est.)
Population below poverty line30% (2000 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage sharelowest 10%: 1.9%
highest 10%: 40.6% (2001)
Budgetrevenues: $405.7 million
expenditures: $477.4 million (2016 est.)
Taxes and other revenues24.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)-4.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
Public debt116.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
116% of GDP (2015 est.)
Fiscal yearcalendar year
Inflation rate (consumer prices)0.7% (2016 est.)
0.1% (2015 est.)
Central bank discount rate7.5% (31 December 2010)
7.5% (31 December 2009)
Commercial bank prime lending rate10% (31 December 2016 est.)
10.41% (31 December 2015 est.)
Stock of narrow money$576.8 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$557.5 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Stock of broad money$1.552 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$1.526 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Stock of domestic credit$1.309 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$1.324 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Current account balance-$130 million (2016 est.)
-$69 million (2015 est.)
Exports$148.2 million (2016 est.)
$149.2 million (2015 est.)
Exports - commoditiesfuel (re-exports), shoes, garments, fish, hides
Exports - partnersAustralia 83%, Spain 8.6% (2015)
Imports$618.1 million (2016 est.)
$630.7 million (2015 est.)
Imports - commoditiesfoodstuffs, industrial products, transport equipment, fuels
Imports - partnersPortugal 29.9%, Australia 26.4%, Netherlands 11.2%, Spain 5.6%, China 5.6% (2015)
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold$447.6 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$494.5 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Debt - external$1.66 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$1.534 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Exchange ratesCabo Verdean escudos (CVE) per US dollar -
101.8 (2016 est.)
99.426 (2015 est.)
99.426 (2014 est.)
83.114 (2013 est.)
85.82 (2012 est.)