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Cote d'Ivoire: Government#

Country nameconventional long form: Republic of Cote d'Ivoire
conventional short form: Cote d'Ivoire
local long form: Republique de Cote d'Ivoire
local short form: Cote d'Ivoire
note: pronounced coat-div-whar
former: Ivory Coast
CapitalYamoussoukro; note - although Yamoussoukro has been the official capital since 1983, Abidjan remains the commercial and administrative center; the US, like other countries, maintains its Embassy in Abidjan Yamoussoukro, note - although Yamoussoukro has been the official capital since 1983, ...
geographic coordinates: 6 49 N, 5 16 W
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions12 districts and 2 autonomous districts*; Abidjan*, Bas-Sassandra, Comoe, Denguele, Goh-Djiboua, Lacs, Lagunes, Montagnes, Sassandra-Marahoue, Savanes, Vallee du Bandama, Woroba, Yamoussoukro*, Zanzan
Constitutionprevious 1960; latest approved by referendum 23 July 2000; amended 2012 (2012)
Executive branchchief of state: President Alassane Dramane OUATTARA (since 4 December 2010)
head of government: Prime Minister Daniel Kablan DUNCAN (since 21 November 2012)
cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (no term limits); election last held on 31 October and 28 November 2010 (next to be held in 2015); prime minister appointed by the president
election results: Alassane OUATTARA elected president; percent of vote - Alassane OUATTARA 54.1%, Laurent GBAGBO 45.9%; note - President OUATTARA was declared winner by the election commission and took the oath of office on 4 December; Prime Minister SORO resigned from the incumbent administration and was subsequently appointed to the same position by OUATTARA; former president GBAGBO refused to cede resulting in a 5-month stand-off and was finally forced to stand down in April 2011
Flag descriptionthree equal vertical bands of orange (hoist side), white, and green; orange symbolizes the land (savannah) of the north and fertility, white stands for peace and unity, green represents the forests of the south and the hope for a bright future
note: similar to the flag of Ireland, which is longer and has the colors reversed - green (hoist side), white, and orange; also similar to the flag of Italy, which is green (hoist side), white, and red; design was based on the flag of France
Independence7 August 1960 (from France)
Judicial branchhighest court(s): Supreme Court or Cour Supreme (organized into Judicial, Audit, Constitutional, and Administrative Chambers; consists of the court president, 3 vice-presidents for the Judicial, Audit, and Administrative chambers, and 9 associate justices or magistrates)
judges nominated by the Superior Council of the Magistrature, a 7-member body consisting of the national president (chairman), 3 "Bench" judges, and 3 public prosecutors; judges appointed for life
subordinate courts: Courts of Appeal (organized into civil, criminal, and social chambers); first instance courts; peace courts
Legal systemcivil law system based on the French civil code; judicial review of legislation held in the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court
Legislative branchunicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (255 seats; members elected in single- and multi-district elections by direct popular vote to serve five-year terms)
elections: elections last held on 11 December 2011 (next to be held in 2016)
election results: percent of vote by party - RDR 42.1%, PDCI 28.6%, UDPCI 3.1%, RDP 1.7%, other 24.5% ; seats by party - RDR 127, PDCI 76, UDPCI 7, RDP 4, other 2, independents 39
International organization participationACP, AfDB, AU, ECOWAS, EITI (candidate country), Entente, FAO, FZ, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MINUSMA, NAM, OIC, OIF, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNWTO, UPU, WADB (regional), WAEMU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
National holidayIndependence Day, 7 August (1960)
Political pressure groups and leadersFederation of University and High School Students of Cote d'Ivoire or FESCI (Augustin MIAN)
National Congress for the Resistance and Democracy or CNRD (Bernard DADIE)
Panafrican Congress for Justice and Peoples Equality or COJEP (Roselin BLY)
Rally of Houphouetists for Democracy and Peace or RHDP
Political parties and leadersCitizen's Democratic Union or UDCY (Theodore MEL EG)
Democracy and Liberty for the Republic or LIDER (Mamadou KOULIBALY)
Democratic Party of Cote d'Ivoire or PDCI (Henri Konan BEDIE)
Ivorian Popular Front or FPI (Pascal AFFI NGUESSAN)
Ivorian Worker's Party or PIT (Daniel AKA AHIZ)
Movement of the Future Forces or MFA (Innocent Augustin ANAKY KOBENA)
Rally of the Republicans or RDR (Alassane OUATTARA)
Union for Democracy and Peace in Cote d'Ivoire or UDPCI (Toikeuse MABRI)
over 144 smaller registered parties
Suffrage18 years of age; universal
Government typerepublic; multiparty presidential regime established 1960
Diplomatic representation in the USchief of mission: Ambassador Daouda DIABATE (since 11 February 2011)
chancery: 2424 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
telephone: (1) (202) 797-0300
FAX: (1) (202) 462-9444
National anthemname: "L'Abidjanaise" (Song of Abidjan)
lyrics/music: Mathieu EKRA, Joachim BONY, and Pierre Marie COTY/Pierre Marie COTY and Pierre Michel PANGO
note: adopted 1960; although the nation's capital city moved from Abidjan to Yamoussoukro in 1983, the anthem still owes its name to the former capital
International law organization participationaccepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction under Article 12(3)of the Rome Statute
National symbol(s)elephant
Diplomatic representation from the USchief of mission: Ambassador Terrance MCCULLEY
embassy: Cocody Riviera Golf 01, Abidjan
mailing address: B. P. 1712, Abidjan 01
telephone: (225) 22 49 40 00
FAX: (225) 22 49 43 32