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Ethiopia: Geography#

LocationEastern Africa, west of Somalia
Geographic Coordinates8 00 N, 38 00 E 8.0,38.0
Area total: 1,104,300 sq km
land: 1 million sq km
water: 104,300 sq km
We are unable to verify those figures from Factbook, since the 6 main sources we used for checking give different figures as follows:
Factbook: 1104300
DBpedia: 1104296
Geoname: 1127127
Infoplease: 1127127
Britannica: 1063652
Wolfram: 1127000

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Land boundariestotal: 5,925 km
border countries: Djibouti 342 km, Eritrea 1,033 km, Kenya 867 km, Somalia 1,640 km, South Sudan 1,299 km, Sudan 744 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Danakil Depression -125 m
highest point: Ras Dejen 4,533 m
Highest MountainsAccording to Wolfram: Ras Dashen 4533 m
According to Geonames:Ras Dejen 4620 m; Abune Yosef 4260 m; Guge 4200 m; Guna Terara 4120 m; T’at’a YeTerara Ch’af 4073 m
List verified partially
Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Terrainhigh plateau with central mountain range divided by Great Rift Valley
Natural Hazardsgeologically active Great Rift Valley susceptible to earthquakes, volcanic eruptions; frequent droughts volcanism: volcanic activity in the Great Rift Valley; Erta Ale (elev. 613 m), which has caused frequent lava flows in recent years, is the country's most active volcano; Dabbahu became active in 2005, causing evacuations; other historically active volcanoes include Alayta, Dalaffilla, Dallol, Dama Ali, Fentale, Kone, Manda Hararo, and Manda-Inakir
Natural Resourcesmall reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas, hydropower
Land Usearable land: 13.19%
permanent crops: 1.01%
other: 85.8% (2011)
Climatetropical monsoon with wide topographic-induced variation
Irrigated Land2,896 sq km (2003)
Renewable Water Resources122 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuesdeforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; water shortages in some areas from water-intensive farming and poor management
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea
Large CitiesDue to difference in city rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Addis Ababa; Dire Dawa; Nazret; Gondar; Dese
According to Geonames: Addis Ababa; Dire Dawa; Mekele; Nazret; Bahir Dar

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Cities
Geography-notelandlocked - entire coastline along the Red Sea was lost with the de jure independence of Eritrea on 24 May 1993; Ethiopia is, therefore, the most populous landlocked country in the world; the Blue Nile, the chief headstream of the Nile by water volume, rises in T'ana Hayk (Lake Tana) in northwest Ethiopia; three major crops are believed to have originated in Ethiopia: coffee, grain sorghum, and castor bean
Important Lakes