unbekannter Gast

Guinea: People & Society#

Population12,093,349 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Guinean(s)
adjective: Guinean
Ethnic groupsFulani (Peul) 33.9%, Malinke 31.1%, Soussou 19.1%, Guerze 6%, Kissi 4.7%, Toma 2.6%, other/no answer 2.7% (2012 est.)
LanguagesFrench (official)
note: each ethnic group has its own language
ReligionsMuslim 86.7%, Christian 8.9%, animist/other/none 4.4% (2012 est.)
Demographic profileGuinea’s strong population growth is a result of declining mortality rates and sustained elevated fertility. The population growth rate was somewhat tempered in the 2000s because of a period of net outmigration. Although life expectancy and mortality rates have improved over the last two decades, the nearly universal practice of female genital cutting continues to contribute to high infant and maternal mortality rates. Guinea’s total fertility remains high at about 5 children per woman because of the ongoing preference for larger families, low contraceptive usage and availability, a lack of educational attainment and empowerment among women, and poverty. A lack of literacy and vocational training programs limit job prospects for youths, but even those with university degrees often have no option but to work in the informal sector. About 60% of the country’s large youth population is unemployed. Tensions and refugees have spilled over Guinea’s borders with Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Cote d’Ivoire. During the 1990s Guinea harbored as many as half a million refugees from Sierra Leone and Liberia, more refugees than any other African country for much of that decade. About half sought refuge in the volatile "Parrot’s Beak" region of southwest Guinea, a wedge of land jutting into Sierra Leone near the Liberian border. Many were relocated within Guinea in the early 2000s because the area suffered repeated cross-border attacks from various government and rebel forces, as well as anti-refugee violence. As of 2016, Guinea sheltered more than 7,000 Ivoirians.
Age structure0-14 years: 41.7% (male 2,547,037/female 2,495,495)
15-24 years: 19.67% (male 1,200,618/female 1,177,633)
25-54 years: 30.52% (male 1,851,200/female 1,839,952)
55-64 years: 4.46% (male 258,455/female 281,497)
65 years and over: 3.65% (male 195,054/female 246,408) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 83.8%
youth dependency ratio: 78.2%
elderly dependency ratio: 5.6%
potential support ratio: 17.8% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 18.8 years
male: 18.6 years
female: 19.1 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate2.62% (2016 est.)
Birth rate35.4 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate9.2 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 37.2% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 3.82% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationCONAKRY (capital) 1.936 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth18.9
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2012 est.)
Maternal mortality rate679 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 51.7 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 54.4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 48.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 60.6 years
male: 59 years
female: 62.2 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate4.82 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate5.6% (2012)
Health expenditures5.6% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.1 physicians/1,000 population (2005)
Hospital bed density0.3 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 92.7% of population
rural: 67.4% of population
total: 76.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 7.3% of population
rural: 32.6% of population
total: 23.2% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 34.1% of population
rural: 11.8% of population
total: 20.1% of population
unimproved:
urban: 65.9% of population
rural: 88.2% of population
total: 79.9% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate1.56% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS116,800 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths4,600 (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
aerosolized dust or soil contact disease: Lassa fever
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate5.9% (2014)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight18.7% (2012)
Education expenditures3.2% of GDP (2014)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 30.4%
male: 38.1%
female: 22.8% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 9 years
male: 10 years
female: 8 years (2014)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 571,774
percentage: 25% (2003 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 1%
male: 1.5%
female: 0.6% (2012 est.)