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Sudan: People & Society#

Population36,729,501 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Sudanese (singular and plural)
adjective: Sudanese
Ethnic groupsSudanese Arab (approximately 70%), Fur, Beja, Nuba, Fallata
LanguagesArabic (official), English (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, Fur
ReligionsSunni Muslim, small Christian minority
Age structure0-14 years: 39.43% (male 7,351,759/female 7,130,224)
15-24 years: 20.77% (male 3,926,374/female 3,703,826)
25-54 years: 32.42% (male 5,779,482/female 6,129,213)
55-64 years: 4.12% (male 793,848/female 721,075)
65 years and over: 3.25% (male 645,876/female 547,824) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 78%
youth dependency ratio: 72.1%
elderly dependency ratio: 5.9%
potential support ratio: 16.9% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 19.6 years
male: 19.4 years
female: 19.9 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate1.69% (2016 est.)
Birth rate28.5 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate7.5 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-4.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributionwith the exception of a ribbon of settlement that corresponds to the banks of the Nile, northern Sudan, which extends into the dry Sahara, is sparsely populated; more abundant vegetation and broader access to water increases population distribution in the south extending habitable range along nearly the entire border with South Sudan; sizeable areas of population are found around Khartoum, southeast between the Blue and White Nile Rivers, and througout South Darfur
Urbanizationurban population: 33.8% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 2.54% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationKHARTOUM (capital) 5.129 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.19 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Maternal mortality rate311 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 50.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 55.4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 44.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 64.1 years
male: 62 years
female: 66.3 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate3.68 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate9% (2010)
Health expenditures8.4% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.28 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Hospital bed density0.8 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 66% of population
rural: 50.2% of population
total: 55.5% of population
urban: 34% of population
rural: 49.8% of population
total: 44.5% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 43.9% of population
rural: 13.4% of population
total: 23.6% of population
urban: 56.1% of population
rural: 86.6% of population
total: 76.4% of population (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.25% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS55,900 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths3,000 (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and Rift Valley fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate6.6% (2014)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight33% (2014)
Education expenditures2.2% of GDP (2009)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 75.9%
male: 83.3%
female: 68.6% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 7 years
male: 7 years
female: 7 years (2013)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 20%
male: 16%
female: 32% (2009 est.)