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Tanzania: Transportation#

National air transport systemnumber of registered air carriers: 5
inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 17
annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 1,239,707
annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 2,337,440 mt-km (2015)
Civil aircraft registration country code prefix5H (2016)
Airports166 (2013)
Airports - with paved runwaystotal: 10
over 3,047 m: 2
2,438 to 3,047 m: 2
1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2013)
Airports - with unpaved runwaystotal: 156
over 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 24
914 to 1,523 m: 98
under 914 m: 33 (2013)
Pipelinesgas 311 km; oil 891 km; refined products 8 km (2013)
Railwaystotal: 4,567 km
narrow gauge: 1,860 km 1.067-m gauge; 2,707 km 1.000-m gauge (2014)
Roadwaystotal: 86,472 km
paved: 7,092 km
unpaved: 79,380 km (2010)
Waterways(Lake Tanganyika, Lake Victoria, and Lake Nyasa (Lake Malawi) are the principal avenues of commerce with neighboring countries; the rivers are not navigable) (2011)
Merchant marinetotal: 94
by type: bulk carrier 6, cargo 66, carrier 4, chemical tanker 1, container 1, passenger/cargo 2, petroleum tanker 10, refrigerated cargo 1, roll on/roll off 3
foreign-owned: 42 (Japan 1, Romania 1, Saudi Arabia 1, Syria 23, Turkey 13, UAE 3)
registered in other countries: 3 (Panama 2, UK 1) (2010)
Ports and terminalsmajor seaport(s): Dar es Salaam, Zanzibar
Transportation - notethe International Maritime Bureau reports that shipping in territorial and offshore waters in the Indian Ocean remain at risk for piracy and armed robbery against ships, especially as Somali-based pirates extend their activities south; numerous commercial vessels have been attacked and hijacked both at anchor and while underway; crews have been robbed and stores or cargoes stolen