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Barbados: People & Society#

Population291,495 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Barbadian(s) or Bajan (colloquial)
adjective: Barbadian or Bajan (colloquial)
Ethnic groupsblack 92.4%, white 2.7%, mixed 3.1%, East Indian 1.3%, other 0.2%, unspecified 0.2% (2010 est.)
LanguagesEnglish (official), Bajan (English-based creole language, widely spoken in informal settings)
ReligionsProtestant 66.4% (includes Anglican 23.9%, other Pentecostal 19.5%, Adventist 5.9%, Methodist 4.2%, Wesleyan 3.4%, Nazarene 3.2%, Church of God 2.4%, Baptist 1.8%, Moravian 1.2%, other Protestant 0.9%), Roman Catholic 3.8%, other Christian 5.4% (includes Jehovah's Witness 2.0%, other 3.4%), Rastafarian 1%, other 1.5%, none 20.6%, unspecified 1.2% (2010 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 18.13% (male 26,421/female 26,434)
15-24 years: 13.03% (male 18,888/female 19,083)
25-54 years: 44.35% (male 64,430/female 64,842)
55-64 years: 13.18% (male 18,036/female 20,396)
65 years and over: 11.31% (male 13,216/female 19,749) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 50.4%
youth dependency ratio: 29.1%
elderly dependency ratio: 21.3%
potential support ratio: 4.7% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 38.3 years
male: 37.2 years
female: 39.4 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate0.3% (2016 est.)
Birth rate11.8 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate8.5 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributionmost densely populated country in the eastern Caribbean; approximately one-third live in urban areas
Urbanizationurban population: 31.5% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 0.13% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationBRIDGETOWN (capital) 90,000 (2014)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.01 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.88 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.66 male(s)/female
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Maternal mortality rate27 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 10.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 11.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 9.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 75.3 years
male: 73 years
female: 77.7 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.68 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Health expenditures7.5% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density1.81 physicians/1,000 population (2005)
Hospital bed density6.2 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 99.7% of population
rural: 99.7% of population
total: 99.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.3% of population
rural: 0.3% of population
total: 0.3% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 96.2% of population
rural: 96.2% of population
total: 96.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 3.8% of population
rural: 3.8% of population
total: 3.8% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate1.57% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS2,600 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths100 (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseases
note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate33.2% (2014)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight3.5% (2012)
Education expenditures6.7% of GDP (2014)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 15 years
male: 14 years
female: 17 years (2011)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 29.6%
male: 27.7%
female: 31.9% (2013 est.)