unbekannter Gast

Colombia: People & Society#

Population46,245,297 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate1.07% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 25.3% (male 5,998,645/female 5,720,229)
15-24 years: 18% (male 4,243,251/female 4,099,299)
25-54 years: 41.6% (male 9,515,723/female 9,720,894)
55-64 years: 6.7% (male 1,796,050/female 2,051,948)
65 years and over: 6.5% (male 1,293,258/female 1,806,000) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate16.73 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate5.36 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsmestizo 58%, white 20%, mulatto 14%, black 4%, mixed black-Amerindian 3%, Amerindian 1%
Infant mortality ratetotal: 15.02 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 18.22 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 11.62 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesSpanish (official)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 75.25 years
male: 72.08 years
female: 78.61 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93.6%
male: 93.5%
female: 93.7% (2011 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Colombian(s)
adjective: Colombian
Net migration rate-0.65 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 90%, other 10%
Total fertility rate2.07 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.5% (2012)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS146,500 (2012)
HIV/AIDS - deaths6,500 (2012)
Median agetotal: 28.9 years
male: 27.9 years
female: 29.9 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and yellow fever (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 14 years (2012)
Education expenditures4.4% of GDP (2012)
Urbanizationurban population: 75% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 1.7% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 99.6% of population
rural: 72.5% of population
total: 92.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.4% of population
rural: 27.5% of population
total: 7.1% of population (2011 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 82.3% of population
rural: 65.4% of population
total: 78.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 17.7% of population
rural: 34.6% of population
total: 21.9% of population (2011 est.)
Major urban areas - populationBOGOTA (capital) 8.744 million; Medellin 3.497 million; Cali 2.352 million; Barranquilla 1.836 million; Bucaramanga 1.065 million (2011)
Maternal mortality rate92 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight3.4% (2010)
Health expenditures6.1% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density1.47 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density1.4 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate17.3% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 21.9%
male: 17%
female: 28.9% (2011)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 988,362
percentage: 9 %
note: data represents children ages 5-17 (2009 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth21.4
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2010 est.)
Demographic profileColombia is in the midst of a demographic transition resulting from steady declines in its fertility, mortality, and population growth rates. The birth rate has fallen from more than 6 children per woman in the 1960s to just above replacement level today as a result of increased literacy, family planning services, and urbanization. However, income inequality is among the worst in the world, and more than a third of the population lives below the poverty line.
Colombia experiences significant legal and illegal economic emigration and refugee flows. Large-scale labor emigration dates to the 1960s; Venezuela and the United States continue to be the main host countries. Colombia is the largest source of Latin American refugees in Latin America, nearly 400,000 of whom live primarily in Venezuela and Ecuador. Forced displacement remains prevalent because of violence among guerrillas, paramilitary groups, and Colombian security forces. Afro-Colombian and indigenous populations are disproportionately affected. A leading NGO estimates that 5.2 million people have been displaced since 1985, while the Colombian Government estimates 3.6 million since 2000. These estimates may undercount actual numbers because not all internally displaced persons are registered. Historically, Colombia also has one of the world's highest levels of forced disappearances. About 30,000 cases have been recorded over the last four decades - although the number is likely to be much higher - including human rights activists, trade unionists, Afro-Colombians, indigenous people, and farmers in rural conflict zones.
Contraceptive prevalence rate79.1% (2010)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 51.2 %
youth dependency ratio: 41.9 %
elderly dependency ratio: 9.3 %
potential support ratio: 10.7 (2013)