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Dominican Republic: People & Society#

Population10,606,865 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Dominican(s)
adjective: Dominican
Ethnic groupsmixed 73%, white 16%, black 11%
LanguagesSpanish (official)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 95%, other 5%
Age structure0-14 years: 27.06% (male 1,460,389/female 1,410,226)
15-24 years: 18.3% (male 989,020/female 952,375)
25-54 years: 39.54% (male 2,146,082/female 2,047,860)
55-64 years: 7.67% (male 409,166/female 403,977)
65 years and over: 7.43% (male 363,791/female 423,979) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 57.8%
youth dependency ratio: 47.3%
elderly dependency ratio: 10.5%
potential support ratio: 9.5% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 27.8 years
male: 27.6 years
female: 28 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate1.21% (2016 est.)
Birth rate18.6 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate4.6 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-1.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributioncoastal development is significant, especially in the southern coastal plains and the Cibao Valley, where population density is highest; smaller population clusters exist in the interior mountains (Cordillera Central)
Urbanizationurban population: 79% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 2.6% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationSANTO DOMINGO (capital) 2.945 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth21.3
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2013 est.)
Maternal mortality rate92 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 18.1 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 20 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 16.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 78.1 years
male: 75.9 years
female: 80.5 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate2.31 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate73% (2009/10)
Health expenditures4.4% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density1.49 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
Hospital bed density1.7 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 85.4% of population
rural: 81.9% of population
total: 84.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 14.6% of population
rural: 18.1% of population
total: 15.3% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 86.2% of population
rural: 75.7% of population
total: 84% of population
unimproved:
urban: 13.8% of population
rural: 24.3% of population
total: 16% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate1.03% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS67,900 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths3,100 (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever

note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate23% (2014)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight4% (2013)
Education expenditures2.1% of GDP (2007)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 91.8%
male: 91.2%
female: 92.3% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 14 years (2014)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 31.4%
male: 22.2%
female: 46.7% (2013 est.)