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Ecuador: Transportation#

National air transport systemnumber of registered air carriers: 7
inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 35
annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 5,762,485
annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 86,128,720 mt-km (2015)
Civil aircraft registration country code prefixHC (2016)
Airports432 (2013)
Airports - with paved runwaystotal: 104
over 3,047 m: 4
2,438 to 3,047 m: 5
1,524 to 2,437 m: 18
914 to 1,523 m: 26
under 914 m: 51 (2013)
Airports - with unpaved runwaystotal: 328
914 to 1,523 m: 37
under 914 m: 291 (2013)
Heliports2 (2013)
Pipelinesextra heavy crude 527 km; gas 71 km; oil 2,131 km; refined products 1,526 km (2013)
Railwaystotal: 965 km
narrow gauge: 965 km 1.067-m gauge (2014)
Roadwaystotal: 43,670 km
paved: 6,472 km
unpaved: 37,198 km (2007)
Waterways1,500 km (most inaccessible) (2012)
Merchant marinetotal: 44
by type: cargo 1, chemical tanker 4, liquefied gas 1, passenger 9, petroleum tanker 28, refrigerated cargo 1
registered in other countries: 4 (Panama 3, Peru 1) (2010)
Ports and terminalsmajor seaport(s): Esmeraldas, Manta, Puerto Bolivar
river port(s): Guayaquil (Guayas)
container port(s) (TEUs): Guayaquil (1,405,762)
Transportation - notethe International Maritime Bureau continues to report the territorial and offshore waters as at risk for piracy and armed robbery against ships; vessels, including commercial shipping and pleasure craft, have been attacked and hijacked both at anchor and while underway; crews have been robbed and stores or cargoes stolen