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Guyana: People & Society#

Population735,554 (July 2014 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Population growth rate-0.11% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 29% (male 108,703/female 104,793)
15-24 years: 21% (male 79,354/female 74,921)
25-54 years: 37.2% (male 142,348/female 131,108)
55-64 years: 5.3% (male 24,677/female 30,562)
65 years and over: 5.1% (male 16,318/female 22,770) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.09 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate15.9 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate7.3 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsEast Indian 43.5%, black (African) 30.2%, mixed 16.7%, Amerindian 9.1%, other 0.5% (2002 census)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 33.56 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 37.57 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 29.36 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesEnglish, Amerindian dialects, Creole, Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), Urdu
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 67.81 years
male: 64.82 years
female: 70.96 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 91.8%
male: 92%
female: 91.6% (2002 Census)
Nationalitynoun: Guyanese (singular and plural)
adjective: Guyanese
Net migration rate-9.67 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsProtestant 30.5% (Pentecostal 16.9%, Anglican 6.9%, Seventh-Day Adventist 5%, Methodist 1.7%), Hindu 28.4%, Roman Catholic 8.1%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.1%, Muslim 7.2%, other Christian 17.7%, other 4.3%, none 4.3% (2002 census)
Total fertility rate2.14 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate1.3% (2012)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS7,200 (2012)
HIV/AIDS - deaths100 (2012)
Median agetotal: 25 years
male: 24.6 years
female: 25.4 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 10 years
male: 9 years
female: 11 years (2012)
Education expenditures3.2% of GDP (2012)
Urbanizationurban population: 29% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 0.5% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 97.9% of population
rural: 93.2% of population
total: 94.5% of population
unimproved: urban: 2.1% of population
rural: 6.8% of population
total: 5.5% of population (2011 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 87.7% of population
rural: 82.4% of population
total: 83.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 12.3% of population
rural: 17.6% of population
total: 16.1% of population (2011 est.)
Major urban areas - populationGEORGETOWN (capital) 132,000 (2009)
Maternal mortality rate280 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight11.1% (2009)
Health expenditures5.9% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.21 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density2 beds/1,000 population (2009)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate17.2% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 46.05%
male: 43.59%
female: 50% (2011)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 30,255
percentage: 16 % (2006 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth20.8
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2009 est.)
Demographic profileGuyana is the only English-speaking country in South America and shares cultural and historical bonds with the Anglophone Caribbean. Guyana's two largest ethnic groups are the Afro-Guyanese (descendants of African slaves) and the Indo-Guyanese (descendants of Indian indentured laborers), which together comprise about three quarters of Guyana's population. Tensions periodically have boiled over between the two groups, which back ethnically based political parties and vote along ethnic lines. Poverty reduction has stagnated since the late 1990s. About one-third of the Guyanese population lives below the poverty line; indigenous people are disproportionately affected. Although Guyana's literacy rate is reported to be among the highest in the Western Hemisphere, the level of functional literacy is considerably lower, which has been attributed to poor education quality, teacher training, and infrastructure.
Guyana's emigration rate is among the highest in the world - more than 55% of its citizens reside abroad - and it is one of the largest recipients of remittances relative to GDP among Latin American and Caribbean counties. Although remittances are a vital source of income for most citizens, the pervasive emigration of skilled workers deprives Guyana of professionals in healthcare and other key sectors. More than 80% of Guyanese nationals with tertiary level educations have emigrated. Brain drain and the concentration of limited medical resources in Georgetown hamper Guyana's ability to meet the health needs of its predominantly rural population. Guyana has one of the highest HIV prevalence rates in the region and continues to rely on international support for its HIV treatment and prevention programs.
Contraceptive prevalence rate42.5% (2009)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 65.3 %
youth dependency ratio: 59.6 %
elderly dependency ratio: 5.7 %
potential support ratio: 17.7 (2013)