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Haiti: Government#

Country nameconventional long form: Republic of Haiti
conventional short form: Haiti
local long form: Republique d'Haiti/Repiblik d Ayiti
local short form: Haiti/Ayiti
etymology: the native Taino name means "land of high mountains" and was originally applied to the entire island of Hispaniola
Government typesemi-presidential republic
CapitalPort-au-Prince Port-au-Prince
geographic coordinates: 18 32 N, 72 20 W
time difference: UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: none in 2016
Administrative divisions10 departments (departements, singular - departement); Artibonite, Centre, Grand'Anse, Nippes, Nord, Nord-Est, Nord-Ouest, Ouest, Sud, Sud-Est
Independence1 January 1804 (from France)
National holidayIndependence Day, 1 January (1804)
Constitutionmany previous (23 total); latest adopted 10 March 1987; amended 2012 (2016)
Legal systemcivil law system strongly influenced by Napoleonic Code
International law organization participationaccepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction; non-party state to the ICCt
Citizenshipcitizenship by birth: no
citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a native-born citizen of Haiti
dual citizenship recognized: no
residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Suffrage18 years of age; universal
Executive branchchief of state: Interim President Jocelerme PRIVERT (since 14 February 2016); note - parliament elected Interim President PRIVERT after President Michel MARTELLY stepped down from office 7 February 2016
head of government: Prime Minister Enex JEAN-CHARLES (since 25 March 2016)
cabinet: Cabinet chosen by the prime minister in consultation with the president; parliament must ratify the Cabinet and Prime Minister's governing policy
elections/appointments: president directly elected by absolute majority popular vote in 2 rounds if needed for a 5-year term (eligible for a single non-consecutive term); election last held 20 November 2016 (next to be held in October 2021); note - the previous election was last held on 25 October 2015, but a runoff scheduled for 24 April 2016 was postponed; on 6 June 2016, the Provisional Electoral Council announced that it had accepted a recommendation by an independent commission, which had found that fraud had marred the October 2015 vote, to formally annul the results; a repeat of the first round of the presidential election scheduled to take place 9 October 2016, with a second round to be held on 8 January 2017, was canceled becaused of Hurricane Matthew; the rescheduled election then took place on 20 November 2016
election results: 2016 election - Jovenel MOISE elected president; percent of vote - Jovenel MOISE (PHTK) 55.60%, Jude CELESTIN (LAPEH) 19.57%, Jean-Charles MOISE (PPD) 11.04%, Maryse NARCISSE (FL) 9.01%; other 0.75%; note - Jovenel MOISE will take office on 7 February 2017
Legislative branchdescription: bicameral legislature or "le Corps Legislatif ou parlement" consists of le Senat or Senate (30 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by absolute majority vote in two rounds if needed; members serve 6-year terms with one-third of the membership renewed every 2 years) and la Chambre de deputes or Chamber of Deputies (118 seats; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by absolute majority vote in two rounds if needed; members serve 4-year terms); note - when the two chambers meet collectively it is known as L'Assemblee Nationale or the National Assembly that is convened for specific purposes spelled out in the constitution
elections: Senate - last held on 9 August 2015 with run-off election on 25 October 2015 (next possible election in 2017); Chamber of Deputies - last held on 9 August 2015 with run-off election on 25 October 2015 (next regular election may be held in 2017)
election results: 2015 Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA; 2015 Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA; note - official results pending
Judicial branchhighest court(s): Supreme Court or Cour de Cassation (consists of a chief judge and other judges); note - Haiti is a member of the Caribbean Court of Justice
judge selection and term of office: judges appointed by the president from candidate lists submitted by the Senate of the National Assembly; note - Article 174 of the Haiti Constitution states that judges of the Supreme Court are appointed for 10 years, whereas Article 177 states that judges of the Supreme Court are appointed for life
subordinate courts: Courts of Appeal; Courts of First Instance; magistrates' courts; special courts
Political parties and leadersAlternative League for Haitian Progress and Empowerment or LAPEH (Jude CELESTIN)
Assembly of Progressive National Democrats or RDNP (Mirlande MANIGAT)
Christian and Citizen For Haiti's Reconstruction or ACCRHA (Chavannes JEUNE)
Christian Movement for a New Haiti or MCNH (Luc MESADIEU)
Convention for Democratic Unity or KID (Evans PAUL)
Cooperative Action to Rebuild Haiti or KONBA (Jean William JEANTY)
December 16 Platform or Platfom 16 Desanm (Dr. Gerard BLOT)
Democratic Alliance or ALYANS (Evans PAUL) (coalition composed of KID and PPRH)
Democratic Centers's National Council or CONACED (Osner FEVRY)
Democratic Movement for the Liberation of Haiti-Revolutionary Party of Haiti or MODELH-PRDH
Effort and Solidarity to Create an Alternative for the People or ESKAMP (Joseph JASME)
Fanmi Lavalas or FL (Jean-Bertrand ARISTIDE)
For Us All or PONT (Jean-Marie CHERESTAL)
Fusion of Haitian Social Democrats or FHSD (Edmonde Supplice BEAUZILE)
Grouping of Citizens for Hope or RESPE (Charles-Henri BAKER)
Haiti in Action or AAA (Youri LATORTUE)
Haitian Tet Kale Party or PHTK (Ann Valerie Timothee MILFORT)
Haitians for Haiti (Yvon NEPTUNE)
Independent Movement for National Reconstruction or MIRN (Luc FLEURINORD)
Konbit Pou refe Ayiti or KONBIT
Lavni Organization or LAVNI (Yves CRISTALIN)
Liberal Party of Haiti or PLH (Jean Andre VICTOR)
Liberation Platform or PLATFORME LIBERATION
Love Haiti or Renmen Ayiti (Jean-Henry CEANT and Camille LEBLANC)
Merging of Haitian Social Democratics or FUSION (Edmonde Supplice BEAUZILE) (coalition of Ayiti Capable, Haitian National Revolutionary Party, and National Congress of Democratic Movements)
Mobilization for National Development or MDN (Hubert de RONCERAY)
National Front for the Reconstruction of Haiti or FRN (Guy PHILIPPE)
New Christian Movement for a New Haiti or MOCHRENA (Luc MESADIEU)
Patriotic Movement of the Democratic Opposition or MOPOD
Patriotic Unity or IP (Marie Denise CLAUDE)
Peasant Platform or PP
Peasant's Response or Repons Peyizan (Michel MARTELLY)
Platform Alternative for Progress and Democracy or ALTENATIV (Victor BENOIT and Evans PAUL)
Platform of Haitian Patriots or PLAPH (Dejean BELISAIRE and Himmler REBU)
Platform Pitit Dessalines or PPD (Jean-Charles MOISE)
Popular Party for the Renewal of Haiti or PPRH (Claude ROMAIN)
Renmen Ayiti or RA (Jean-Henry CEANT)
Respect or RESPE
Socialist Action Movement or MAS
Strength in Unity or Ansanm Nou Fo (Leslie VOLTAIRE)
Struggling People's Organization or OPL (Sauveur PIERRE-ETIENNE)
Truth (Verite)
Union (Chavannes JEUNE)
Union of Haitian Citizens for Democracy, Development, and Education or UCADDE (Jeantel JOSEPH)
Union of Nationalist and Progressive Haitians or UNPH (Edouard FRANCISQUE)
Unity or Inite (Levaillant LOUIS-JEUNE) (coalition that includes Front for Hope or L'ESPWA)
Vigilance or Veye Yo (Lavarice GAUDIN)
Youth for People's Power or JPP (Rene CIVIL)
Political pressure groups and leadersAutonomous Organizations of Haitian Workers or CATH (Fignole ST-CYR)
Confederation of Haitian Workers or CTH
Economic Forum of the Private Sector or EF (Reginald BOULOS)
Federation of Workers Trade Unions or FOS
General Organization of Independent Haitian Workers (Patrick NUMAS)
Grand-Anse Resistance Committee or KOREGA
Haitian Association of Industries or ADIH (Georges SASSINE)
National Popular Assembly or APN
Papaye Peasants Movement or MPP (Chavannes JEAN-BAPTISTE)
Popular Organizations Gathering Power or PROP
Protestant Federation of Haiti
Roman Catholic Church
International organization participationACP, AOSIS, Caricom, CD, CDB, CELAC, FAO, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (NGOs), ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), LAES, MIGA, NAM, OAS, OIF, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, Petrocaribe, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Diplomatic representation in the USchief of mission: Ambassador Paul Getty ALTIDOR (since 17 April 2012)
chancery: 2311 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
telephone: (1) (202) 332-4090
FAX: (1) (202) 745-7215
consulate(s) general: Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Miami, Orlando (FL), New York, San Juan (Puerto Rico)
Diplomatic representation from the USchief of mission: Ambassador Peter MULREAN (since 6 October 2015)
embassy: Tabarre 41, Route de Tabarre, Port-au-Prince
mailing address: (in Haiti) P.O. Box 1634, Port-au-Prince, Haiti; (from abroad) 3400 Port-au-Prince, State Department, Washington, DC 20521-3400
telephone: (509) 2229-8000
FAX: (509) 229-8028
Flag descriptiontwo equal horizontal bands of blue (top) and red with a centered white rectangle bearing the coat of arms, which contains a palm tree flanked by flags and two cannons above a scroll bearing the motto L'UNION FAIT LA FORCE (Union Makes Strength); the colors are taken from the French Tricolor and represent the union of blacks and mulattoes
National symbol(s)Hispaniolan trogon (bird), hibiscus flower; national colors: blue, red
National anthemname: "La Dessalinienne" (The Dessalines Song)
lyrics/music: Justin LHERISSON/Nicolas GEFFRARD

note: adopted 1904; named for Jean-Jacques DESSALINES, a leader in the Haitian Revolution and first ruler of an independent Haiti