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Suriname: Government#

Country nameconventional long form: Republic of Suriname
conventional short form: Suriname
local long form: Republiek Suriname
local short form: Suriname
former: Netherlands Guiana, Dutch Guiana
CapitalParamaribo Paramaribo
geographic coordinates: 5 50 N, 55 10 W
time difference: UTC-3 (2 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions10 districts (distrikten, singular - distrikt); Brokopondo, Commewijne, Coronie, Marowijne, Nickerie, Para, Paramaribo, Saramacca, Sipaliwini, Wanica
Constitutionprevious 1975; latest ratified 30 September 1987, effective 30 October 1987; amended 1992; note - in 2012, the president appointed a commission to revise the constitution (2012)
Executive branchchief of state: President Desire Delano BOUTERSE (since 12 August 2010); Vice President Robert AMEERALI (since 12 August 2010); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
head of government: President Desire Delano BOUTERSE (since 12 August 2010); Vice President Robert AMEERALI (since 12 August 2010)
cabinet: Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president
elections: president and vice president elected by the National Assembly or, if no presidential or vice presidential candidate receives a two-thirds constitutional majority in the National Assembly after two votes, by a simple majority in the larger United People's Assembly (893 representatives from the national, local, and regional councils), for five-year terms (no term limits); election last held on 19 July 2010 (next to be held in 2015)
election results: Desire Delano BOUTERSE elected president; percent of vote - Desire Delano BOUTERSE 70.6%, Chandrikapersad SATOKHI 25.5%, other 3.9%
Flag descriptionfive horizontal bands of green (top, double width), white, red (quadruple width), white, and green (double width); a large, yellow, five-pointed star is centered in the red band; red stands for progress and love; green symbolizes hope and fertility; white signifies peace, justice, and freedom; the star represents the unity of all ethnic groups; from its yellow light the nation draws strength to bear sacrifices patiently while working toward a golden future
Independence25 November 1975 (from the Netherlands)
Judicial branchhighest court(s): High Court of Justice of Suriname (consists of the court president, vice president, and 4 judges)
note - Suriname can appeal beyond its High Court to the Caribbean Court of Justice, with final appeal to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (in London)
judge selection and term of office: court judges appointed by the national president after consultation with the High Court; judges appointed for life
subordinate courts: cantonal courts
Legal systemcivil law system influenced by Dutch civil law; note - the Commissie Nieuw Surinaamse Burgerlijk Wetboek completed drafting a new civil code in February 2009
Legislative branchunicameral National Assembly or Nationale Assemblee (51 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
elections: last held on 25 May 2010 (next to be held in May 2015)
election results: percent of vote by party - Mega Combination 45.1%, New Front 27.5%, A-Com 13.7%, People's Alliance 11.8%, DOE 1.9%; seats by party - Mega Combination 23, New Front 14, A-Com 7, People's Alliance 6, DOE 1
International organization participationACP, AOSIS, Caricom, CD, CELAC, FAO, G-77, IADB, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITU, ITUC (NGOs), LAES, MIGA, NAM, OAS, OIC, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, Petrocaribe, UN, UNASUR, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
National holidayIndependence Day, 25 November (1975)
Political pressure groups and leadersAssociation of Indigenous Village Chiefs (Ricardo PANE)
Association of Saramaccan Authorities or Maroon (Head Captain WASE)
Women's Parliament Forum or PVF (Iris GILLIAD)
Political parties and leadersA-Combination (a coalition that includes the General Liberation and Development Party ABOP (Ronnie BRUNSWIJK), and SEEKA (Paul ABENA))
Basic Party for Renewal and Democracy or BVD (Dilip SARDJOE)
Basic Party for Renewal and Democracy or PVF (Soedeschand JAIRAM)
Democratic Union Suriname or DUS (Japhet DIEKO)
Mega Combination Coalition (a coalition that joined with A-Combination and the PL to form a majority in Parliament in 2010 - includes the National Democratic Party or NDP (Desire Delano BOUTERSE) (largest party in the coalition), Progressive Worker and Farmer's Union or PALU (Jim HOK), Party for National Unity and Solidarity of the Highest Order or KTPI (Willy SOEMITA), DNP-2000 (Jules WIJDENBOSCH), Union of Brotherhood and Unity in Politics BEP (Caprino ALENDY), and New Suriname or NS (Nanan PANDAY))
National Union or NU (P. VAN LEEUWAARDE)
New Front for Democracy and Development or NF (a coalition made up of the National Party of Suriname or NPS (Runaldo VENETIAAN), United Reform Party or VHP (Ramdien SARDJOE), Democratic Alternative 1991 or DA-91 - an independent, business-oriented party (Winston JESSURUN), Surinamese Labor Party or SPA (Siegfried GILDS))
Party for Democracy and Development in Unity or DOE (Carl BREEVELD)
Party for the Permanent Prosperity Republic Suriname or PVRS
People's Alliance, Pertjaja Luhur's or PL (Paul SOMOHARDJO)(includes D-21 (Soewarta MOESTADJA) and Pendawa Lima (Raymond SAPEON), which merged with PL in 2010)
note: BVD and PVF participated in the elections as a coalition (BVD/PVF) in the most recent elections, but separated after the election
Suffrage18 years of age; universal
Government typeconstitutional democracy
Diplomatic representation in the USchief of mission: Ambassador Subhas-Chandra MUNGRA (since 28 January 2011)
chancery: Suite 460, 4301 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
telephone: (1) (202) 244-7488
FAX: (1) (202) 244-5878
consulate(s) general: Miami
National anthemname: "God zij met ons Suriname!" (God Be With Our Suriname)
lyrics/music: Cornelis Atses HOEKSTRA and Henry DE ZIEL/Johannes Corstianus DE PUY
note: adopted 1959; the anthem, originally adapted from a Sunday school song written in 1893, contains lyrics in both Dutch and Sranang Tongo
International law organization participationaccepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
Diplomatic representation from the USchief of mission: Ambassador Jay N. ANANIA (since 1 October 2012)
embassy: Dr. Sophie Redmondstraat 129, Paramaribo
mailing address: US Department of State, PO Box 1821, Paramaribo
telephone: (597) 472-900
FAX: (597) 410-972