unbekannter Gast

Suriname: People & Society#

Population573,311 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate1.12% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 26.2% (male 76,565/female 73,676)
15-24 years: 17.6% (male 51,322/female 49,313)
25-54 years: 44.1% (male 128,620/female 124,034)
55-64 years: 5.7% (male 18,140/female 19,158)
65 years and over: 5.6% (male 14,041/female 18,442) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate16.73 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate6.13 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsHindustani (also known locally as "East Indians"; their ancestors emigrated from northern India in the latter part of the 19th century) 37%, Creole (mixed white and black) 31%, Javanese 15%, "Maroons" (their African ancestors were brought to the country in the 17th and 18th centuries as slaves and escaped to the interior) 10%, Amerindian 2%, Chinese 2%, white 1%, other 2%
Infant mortality ratetotal: 27.07 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 31.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 22.41 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesDutch (official), English (widely spoken), Sranang Tongo (Surinamese, sometimes called Taki-Taki, is native language of Creoles and much of the younger population and is lingua franca among others), Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), Javanese
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 71.69 years
male: 69.31 years
female: 74.18 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 94.7%
male: 95.4%
female: 94% (2010 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Surinamer(s)
adjective: Surinamese
Net migration rate0.57 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsHindu 27.4%, Protestant 25.2% (predominantly Moravian), Roman Catholic 22.8%, Muslim 19.6%, indigenous beliefs 5%
Total fertility rate2.01 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate1.1% (2012)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS4,000 (2012)
HIV/AIDS - deaths100 (2012)
Median agetotal: 28.6 years
male: 28.3 years
female: 29 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: dengue fever and malaria (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 12 years
male: 11 years
female: 13 years (2002)
Education expendituresNA
Urbanizationurban population: 69% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 1.5% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 96.6% of population
rural: 81.1% of population
total: 91.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 3.4% of population
rural: 18.9% of population
total: 8.1% of population (2011 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 90.3% of population
rural: 66.2% of population
total: 83% of population
unimproved: urban: 9.7% of population
rural: 33.8% of population
total: 17% of population (2011 est.)
Major urban areas - populationPARAMARIBO (capital) 259,000 (2009)
Maternal mortality rate130 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight5.8% (2010)
Health expenditures5.3% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.91 physicians/1,000 population (2004)
Hospital bed density3.1 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate25.1% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 21.5% (2004)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 6,094
percentage: 6 % (2006 est.)
Demographic profileSuriname is a pluralistic society consisting primarily of Creoles (persons of mixed African and European heritage), the descendants of escaped African slaves known as Maroons, and the descendants of Indian and Javanese contract workers. The country overall is in full, post-industrial demographic transition, with a low fertility rate, a moderate mortality rate, and a rising life expectancy. However, the Maroon population of the rural interior lags behind because of lower educational attainment and contraceptive use, higher malnutrition, and significantly less access to electricity, potable water, sanitation, infrastructure, and health care.
Some 350,000 people of Surinamese descent live in the Netherlands, Suriname's former colonial ruler. In the 19th century, better-educated, largely Dutch-speaking Surinamese began emigrating to the Netherlands. World War II interrupted the outflow, but it resumed after the war when Dutch labor demands grew - emigrants included all segments of the Creole population. Suriname still is strongly influenced by the Netherlands because most Surinamese have relatives living there and it is the largest supplier of development aid. Other emigration destinations include French Guiana and the United States. Suriname's immigration rules are flexible, and the country is easy to enter illegally because rainforests obscure its borders. Since the mid-1980s, Brazilians have settled in Suriname's capital, Paramaribo, or eastern Suriname, where they mine gold. This immigration is likely to slowly re-orient Suriname toward its Latin American geos.
Contraceptive prevalence rate45.6% (2006)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 51.6 %
youth dependency ratio: 41.5 %
elderly dependency ratio: 10.1 %
potential support ratio: 9.9 (2013)