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Uruguay: People & Society#

Population3,332,972 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate0.26% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 21% (male 356,851/female 344,576)
15-24 years: 16% (male 269,820/female 262,830)
25-54 years: 38.9% (male 639,766/female 658,257)
55-64 years: 13.9% (male 158,170/female 178,194)
65 years and over: 13.9% (male 185,132/female 279,376) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.66 male(s)/female
total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate13.18 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate9.48 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupswhite 88%, mestizo 8%, black 4%, Amerindian (practically nonexistent)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 8.97 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 9.95 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 7.95 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesSpanish (official), Portunol, Brazilero (Portuguese-Spanish mix on the Brazilian frontier)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 76.81 years
male: 73.67 years
female: 80.06 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.1%
male: 97.6%
female: 98.5% (2010 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Uruguayan(s)
adjective: Uruguayan
Net migration rate-1.08 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 47.1%, non-Catholic Christians 11.1%, nondenominational 23.2%, Jewish 0.3%, atheist or agnostic 17.2%, other 1.1% (2006)
Total fertility rate1.84 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.7% (2012)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS13,200 (2012)
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Median agetotal: 34.3 years
male: 32.6 years
female: 35.9 years (2014 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 16 years
male: 14 years
female: 17 years (2010)
Education expenditures4.5% of GDP (2011)
Urbanizationurban population: 92% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 0.4% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 97.6% of population
total: 99.8% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 2.4% of population
total: 0.2% of population (2011 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 99% of population
rural: 97.8% of population
total: 98.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 1% of population
rural: 2.2% of population
total: 1.1% of population (2011 est.)
Major urban areas - populationMONTEVIDEO (capital) 1.633 million (2009)
Maternal mortality rate29 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight4.5% (2011)
Health expenditures8% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density3.74 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Hospital bed density3 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate24.8% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 18.5%
male: 14.7%
female: 23.6% (2012)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 51,879
percentage: 7 % (2006 est.)
Demographic profileUruguay rates high for most development indicators and is known for its secularism, liberal social laws, and well-developed social security, health, and educational systems. It is one of the few countries in Latin America and the Caribbean where the entire population has access to clean water. Uruguay's provision of free primary through university education has contributed to the country's high levels of literacy and educational attainment. However, the emigration of human capital has diminished the state's return on its investment in education. Remittances from the roughly 18% of Uruguayans abroad amount to less than 1 percent of national GDP. The emigration of young adults and a low birth rate are causing Uruguay's population to age rapidly.
In the 1960s, Uruguayans for the first time emigrated en masse - primarily to Argentina and Brazil - because of economic decline and the onset of more than a decade of military dictatorship. Economic crises in the early 1980s and 2002 also triggered waves of emigration, but since 2002 more than 70% of Uruguayan emigrants have selected the US and Spain as destinations because of better job prospects. Uruguay had a tiny population upon its independence in 1828 and welcomed thousands of predominantly Italian and Spanish immigrants, but the country has not experienced large influxes of new arrivals since the aftermath of World War II. More recent immigrants include Peruvians and Arabs.
Contraceptive prevalence rate77%
note: percent of women aged 15-50 (2004)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 56.2 %
youth dependency ratio: 34.1 %
elderly dependency ratio: 22 %
potential support ratio: 4.5 (2013)